Pomeranian Land Militia Battalion Nr. 4

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Pomeranian Land Militia Battalion Nr. 4

Origin and History

On July 13 1757, a Cabinet Ordre" created the Militia of Pomerania and Uckermark. The present battalion, initially known as the Land-Bataillon Ingersleben, was raised in Stettin in August 1757. It originally consisted of 5 companies of musketeers (no grenadier), each company consisting of:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 1 ensign
  • 6 NCOs
  • 1 or 2 drummers
  • 100 privates

At the end of 1757, the companies of the Pomeranian militia battalions were reduced to 96 men.

In 1759, a company of grenadiers, also designated as Rekruten-Kompagnie, was raised. During campaigns, this company was converged with other companies of grenadiers of the Pomeranian militia battalions to form distinct grenadier battalions. Otherwise, when on garrison duty, the company served with its parent battalion.

The regiment seems to have been disbanded the Winter of 1759-60 and its troops distributed among the other Pomeranian militia battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was under the command of:

  • since August 1757: von Ingersleben
  • from 1758 to September 16 1759: von Watzmer

Service during the War

On September 16 1759, during a campaign in Pomerania, the battalion was taken prisoners by the Swedes in Wollin. It was never re-raised.

Uniform

Uniform 1757-1758

Privates

Not much is known about this uniform  :

  • unlaced tricorne with a pompom
  • black neck stock
  • dark blue smock (no collar, no lapel, no pocket, no cuff, no turnback) with buttons on each side on the chest and with a shoulder strap on the left shoulder
  • no waistcoat
  • dark blue breeches
  • grey gaiters

Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne laced white with black and white quartered pompoms

Officers

Officers had tricorne wearing a thin lace.

Musicians

Drummers probably wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with a swallow nest on each shoulder

Uniform from 1759

Privates

Not much is known about this uniform  :

  • unlaced tricorne with a pompom
  • black neck stock
  • dark blue coat lined red without collar, shoulder strap, lapel and pocket but with Prussian style cuffs and red turnbacks
  • waistcoat and breeches probably dark blue
  • black gaiters

Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne laced white with black and white quartered pompoms

Officers

Officers had tricorne wearing a thin lace .

Musicians

Drummers probably wore uniforms similar to those of the privates but with a swallow nest on each shoulder.

Colours

Colours were not carried by militia units.

References

Cremer, Peter: Die preussischen Landregimenter & -milizen, die Stettiner Haff-Flotille und das Verpflegungswesen der Armee 1756-1753, KLIO-Arbeitgruppe, Heimbach, 1987

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1