Preysing Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Bavarian Army >> Preysing Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment consisted of 2 battalions. Each of these battalions counted 4 fusilier companies (140 men each) and 1 grenadier company (100 men). Furthermore, each battalion had 2 light 4-pdr battalion guns.

From September 1749 to October 1753, the regiment garrisoned the towns Burghausen and Wasserburg. Its staff being stationed in the latter town. In October 1753, the staff and one battalion were transferred from Wasserburg to Braunau while the other battalion remained at Burghausen. Then, on October 20 1755, the entire regiment was concentrated at Braunau.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment Inhaber was:

  • since August 27 1738 to May 1768: Major-general Joseph Karl von Preysing

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since 1755 until 1768: Colonel Joseph Marquard Baron von Berndorff

In September 1764, the regiment was transferred to Neumarkt in the Oberpfalz to assume garrison duty.

Service during the War

On June 20 1756, the regiment was transferred from Braunau to Ingolstadt to assume garrison duty.

In April 1757, the first battalion of the regiment was assigned to the Auxiliary Corps which was being assembled to serve with the Austrian Army on the basis of a subsidy contract settled with France on March 29. Its second battalion remained in Bavaria where it garrisoned Ingolstadt. The first battalion was combined into a temporary regiment with with I./Kurprinz. This combined regiment joined the Auxiliary Corps which was assigned to the Austrian corps under the command of Count Nádasdy. In October, the regiment took part to the siege and capture of Schweidnitz where it withstood the bombardment of the trenches by the Prussian artillery and the sally of the Prussian grenadiers against the Austrian batteries. On November 22, the combined regiment was at the battle of Breslau where it formed part of the corps of Count Seyssel d’Aix on the right wing of the second line. A few weeks later, on December 5 at the battle of Leuthen, the combined regiment was part of Nádasdy's corps on the left wing. It was deployed at the extreme right of the first line of this corps at the point of junction with the Austrian army, between Herzog Clemenz Infantry on its left and the Austrian regiment Macquire on its right. It shared the fate of the left wing, being routed by the Prussian troops who attacked its flank.

By April 1758, it was already decided to send back the first battalion to Bavaria. Nevertheless, it contributed 1 company of fusiliers and 1 company of grenadiers to a converged regiment placed under the command of Colonel de la Rosée. During the siege of Olmütz, this converged regiment distinguished itself against the Prussian besiegers but it lost more than 100 men in these combats. In July, the various companies forming the converged regiment who had served at Olmütz rejoined their respective units. In August, I./Preysing returned to Bavaria where it was assigned to the garrison of Ingolstadt. At its arrival at Ingolstadt, the battalion counted only 90 men.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier Austrian style bearskin with a red bag laced white with a white tassel
Neckstock red
Coat Austrian style blue coat with 3 white buttons under the lapel and 1 white button in the small of the back
Collar red
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a small white button (on the left shoulder)
Lapels red with 8 white buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs red
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat yellow with white buttons
Breeches yellow
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard none
Footgear black shoes


Other interpretations

Shirmer mentions red breeches (later blue).

Staudinger mentions white or straw breeches.

Gillardon mentions sky blue breeches and red waistcoat. He is followed by Herbert Knötel and Funcken who illustrate similar uniforms.

Officers

The officers were distinguished by a silver lace on the tricorne which was also decorated with a black cockade fastened with a silver lace, and a silver gorget decorated with golden arms of Bavaria.

Musicians

Drummers wore the livery of von Preysing: yellow coat with red distinctives, red waistcoat and white breeches.

White bandolier edged white/blue.

The white drum barrel was decorated with blue flames and with the crown and arms of Bavaria. The hoops were decorated with white and blue stripes.

Colours

Bavarian regiments carried 2 colours per battalion. The first battalion of each regiment carried the Leibfahne and a Kompaniefahne while other battalions carried two Kompaniefahne.

Colonel Flag - Source: Volker Scholz and Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Ordonnance Flag - Source: PMPdeL


N.B.: the colour of the robe of the Madonna could vary from one regiment to another

References

The Army of Max III Joseph

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. I. Teil: Zusammensetzung und Organisation, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Funken, Liliane and Fred, Historische Uniformen, Vol. 2

Military Miniatures Magazin

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Staudinger, Karl, Geschichte des kurbayerischen Heeres unter Kurfürst Karl Albrecht - Kaiser Karl VII. - und Max III. Joseph 1726 - 1777, (Geschichte des bayerischen Heeres 3), J. Lindauer, Munich, 1909

Acknowledgments

rf-figuren for the initial version of this article