Prussian Hussars Weapons

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Firearms

Prussian Hussar Medium Carbine M1742

The construction of this weapon was as for the dragoon musket. The barrel was held onto the stock by pins. A ring was fitted around the butt just below the lowest ramrod guide; an iron runner extended from this ring, back to the lock fixing bar, where it was screwed to the butt. An iron ring was held by this bar, which was meant to take the carbine hook on the man's bandoleer.

Prussian Hussar Medium Carbine M1742 - Source: Digby Smith


Technical details
Overall length 1243 mm
Length of barrel 845 mm
Calibre n/a
Length of the flintlock plate 154 mm
Weight 3950 grammes

Prussian Hussar Short Carbine M1742

The construction of this weapon was as for the dragoon musket. The barrel was held onto the stock by pins. A ring was fitted around the butt just below the lowest ramrod guide; an iron runner extended from this ring, back to the lock fixing bar, where it was screwed to the butt. An iron ring was held by this bar (Sattelstange), which was meant to take the carbine hook on the man's bandoleer.

This was the most numerous weapon carried by the hussars. Regiments 1, 5, 6, 8 and 10 were all equipped with it, as were some squadrons of the other regiments. It is not known why there were two hussar carbine models. Ten men in each squadron of hussars carried rifled carbines. The hussars of the Regiments Nr 2 and 3 were equipped with the long-barrelled Kuerassier carbine M 1731, due to lack of the shorter weapons.

Prussian Hussar Short Carbine M1742 - Source: Digby Smith


Technical details
Overall length 910 mm
Length of barrel 522 mm
Calibre 16,5 mm
Length of the flintlock plate 147 mm
Weight 2650 grammes

Prussian Hussar Pistol M1742

Prussian Hussar Pistol M1742 - Source: Digby Smith

Due to the increases in the army establishment, undertaken by Frederick the Great, these pistols were produced in Spandau. Noteworthy is the ring, attached to the butt plate, by which the weapon could be attached to the saddle, to prevent loss in action, when mounted.

As there was now an urgent need for 10,000 pairs of pistols for the hussars, which the Potsdam arsenal alone could not satisfy, Frederick the Great ordered quantities from Liege, Suhl and Zella, which were delivered in the years 1743 - 1745. These weapons varied in their specifications from those produced in Potsdam: overall length 558 mm. barrel length 369 mm, lock plate length 144 mm, calibre 17,6 mm, weight 1390 grammes. They had the butt plate rings, but did not carry the `POTSDAMMAGAZ` or `S&D` stamps.

In the period 1758 - 1762, the Prussian army lost thousands of firearms. To cover these losses, Frederick the Great ordered stocks in from Amsterdam, den Haag, Liege, Suhl and Zella. They did not carry the Potsdam marks and were shorter than those items. Overall length 500 mm, barrel length 322 mm, lockplate length unknown, calibre 17,5 mm, weight 1500 grammes. They had the butt plate rings.

Technical details
Overall length 570 mm
Length of barrel 369 mm
Calibre 17,3 mm
Length of the flintlock plate 140 mm
Weight 1445 grammes


Edged Weapons

Prussian Hussar Sabre Early Type

Prussian Hussar Sabre Early Type - Source: T. Karpiński, Broń armii austriackiej i pruskiej w bitwie pod Małujowicami 10 kwietnia 1741 r. [in:] Wokół bitwy pod Małujowicami. Studia z dziejów XVIII-wiecznego Brzegu i ziemi brzeskiej, Brzeg 2017, p. 165-196


Prussian Hussar Officer Sabre M1730

Prussian Hussar Officer Sabre M1730 - Source: Digby Smith

The hilt was gilt with black grip. On one side of the base of the blade was stamped 'POTSDAM', on the other was the eagle. The sheath was black with gilt fittings. Troopers' sabres had steel grips and their black sheaths were fitted with iron.

Technical details
Overall length 1054 mm
Length of the blade 908 mm
Width of the blade 39 mm
Depth of curve 63 mm
Weight 850 grammes (1650 grammes including sheath)


References

Die Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen Eine Dokumentation aus Anlaß seines 200. Todesjahres. Ausstellungskatalog, Rastatt 1986

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article