Prussian Jäger zu Pferde
Origin and History
The unit was raised on November 24 1740 and placed under the command of Oberjäger Schenck, It then consisted of:
- 1 Oberjäger
- 1 assistant
- 12 jägers
They were used as scouts, couriers and guides.
During the First Silesian War (1740-1742), the unit was gradually increased to 110 men. At the end of the war, its peacetime strength consisted of:
- 3 Oberjägers
- 60 jägers
At the outbreak of the Second Silesian War (1744-1745), the unit was increased to:
- 6 Oberjägers
- 167 jägers
- 1 surgeon
The unit was then organised in 2 squadrons, each of:
- 1 Rittmeister
- 3 Oberjägers
- 84 jägers
By the time of the Seven Years' War, the unit was known as Feldjäger-Korps zu Pferde. Its garrison place was Cöpenick with detachments in Berlin, Zehlendorf, Potsdam and on the borders with Mecklenburg and Saxony.
In December 1755, the unit counted 3 officers, 10 oberjägers and 144 jägers.
During the Seven Years' War, the successive Chefs of the unit were:
- since September 8 1751: Colonel von Aweyde
- from November 9 1756: Major von Hartwig
- in 1759: Major Baader
- from July 19 1759 Captain von Gaudi
- from March 12 1760 till 1778: Major des Granges
Since August 7 1756, its two squadrons were under the command of Captain von Choteck.
Service during the War
no information found yet
|Headgear||black unlaced tricorne with one yellow button and a yellow strap to fasten a black cockade; dark green within white tassels in the lateral cornes|
|Coat||dark green lined Ponceau red with 8 yellow buttons arranged 2 by 2 on the right side; 6 yellow buttons arranges 2 by 2 on the left side; 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- tricorne with a golden lace
Officers had a golden scalloped tricorne with black within white tassels on the lateral cornes. They also had gilt buttons, golden buttonholes on the waistcoat and a golden aiguillette. They carried an officer stick. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but had no turnbacks.
details not yet available
The unit did not carry any colour.
État general De toutes les Trouppes de sa Majesté le Roi de Prusse, sur pié en 1759, Augsbourg: Jacques André Fréderic
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Wikipedia Reitendes Feldjägerkorps