Prussian Land Regiment 1

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Prussian Land Regiment 1

Origin and History

Prussian Land Regiment No. 1 Private - Source: Menzel, Adolph von, Die Armee Friedrich's des Großen

This Land Regiment was raised in 1729. It was also known as the Berliner Garnison-Regiment. It counted 7 musketeer companies (no grenadier) and garrisoned Berlin.

Till 1746, the regiment assembled each year for training. Then, it did not assemble till 1756.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since September 20 1747 till October 14 1763: Colonel F. W. von Lüderitz


Service during the War

In mid-August 1756, the regiment was assembled in Berlin. It consisted of 7 musketeer companies (no grenadier), each of 215 privates.

Uniform

From 1738 to 1756, all four Land Regimenter probably wore similar uniforms.

Uniform from 1738

Privates

Uniform in 1738 - Source: Dal Gavan
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with white pompoms
Grenadier no grenadier in this regiment
Neck stock black
Coat grey lined red with 6 brass buttons (arranged 2-2-2) on each side on the chest, 2 brass buttons at the waist on the right side and 1 brass button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps grey fastened with a brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 brass buttons
Cuffs red Prussian style cuffs with 2 brass buttons on the sleeve flap above each cuff
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches grey or Prussian blue
Gaiters grey
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt no information found
Waistbelt no information found
Cartridge Box no information found
Bayonet Scabbard no information found
Scabbard no information found
Footgear no information found


Privates were armed with a short musket.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with black and white quartered pompoms

Officers

Officers wore a black tricorne with thin silver lace and a black cockade, a blue coat lined red with silver buttons, a white waistcoat and white breeches.

Musicians

no information found

Uniform in 1756

New uniforms were issued in the Summer of 1756.

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Dal Gavan
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne without lace with red pompoms
Grenadier no grenadier in this regiment
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 6 pewter buttons (arranged 2-2-2) on each side on the chest, 2 pewter buttons at the waist on the right side and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar red
Shoulder Straps Prussian blue fastened with a pewter button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons
Cuffs red Swedish style cuffs (Prussian blue as per the Grosser Generalstab), each with 2 pewter buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches 1 pair of grey linen breeches, 1 pair of blue breeches
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard none
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

Other interpretations

A plate kept at the Deutsches Historisches Museum depicts the 1757 uniform with yellow buttons, a red shoulder strap, a white waistcoat. The same plate also illustrates a totally different uniform:

  • black tricorne laced white with white pompom and side bobs
  • black neck stock
  • grey coat with yellow buttons (same disposition as above)
  • red Prussian cuffs with 2 yellow buttons on the sleeve flap above each cuff
  • dark blue waistcoat and breeches
  • grey gaiters

A plate by Luderitz depicts a uniform dated 1758 which is quite similar to our plate with the following differences:

  • no collar
  • Prussian blue Swedish cuffs, each with 2 pewter buttons

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide silver lace and black and white quartered pompoms
  • red Swedish cuffs edged silver
  • a sabre

Officers

Prussian Land Regiment No. 1 Officer - Source: Menzel, Adolph von, Die Armee Friedrich's des Großen

The uniforms of the officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne with a thin silver lace, a silver button and a black cockade
  • black neck stock
  • no shoulder strap on the coat
  • silver buttons
  • no turnback on the coat
  • white waistcoat and white breeches (blue as per Menzel)
  • black and silver sash around the waist

Officers carried an officer stick.

Musicians

no information found

Colours

no information found

References

Cremer, Peter: Die preussischen Landregimenter & -milizen, die Stettiner Haff-Flotille und das Verpflegungswesen der Armee 1756-1753, KLIO-Arbeitgruppe, Heimbach, 1987

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1

Menzel, Adolf von: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen in ihrer Uniformierung