Prussian Land Regiment 3

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Origin and History

This Land Regiment was raised in 1729. It was also known as the Magdeburgisches Garnison-Regiment. It counted 4 musketeer companies (no grenadier) and garrisoned Magdeburg.

Till 1746, the regiment assembled each year for training. Then, it did not assemble till 1756.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 1756: Colonel B. F. von Ahlimb
  • from January 18 1757 till May 3 1774: Colonel J. C. von Wegnern (Alt-Wegnern)

N.B.: exceptionally Colonel J. C. von Wegnern was simultaneously commanding the Land Militia Regiment Jung-Wegnern.

Service during the War

On August 27 1756, the regiment was assembled. It consisted of 4 musketeer companies (no grenadier), each counting 215 privates. On July 13 1757, when a Cabinets-Ordre instructed Lieutenant-General von Borck, commanding at Magdeburg, to raise militia units in Magdeburg and Halberstadt. The first consequence of this order was to increase this Land Regiment to 7 companies, each still counting 215 privates.

On September 1 1757, the regiment became the ''Magdeburgischen Land-Regiment.

Uniform

From 1738 to 1756, all four Land Regimenter probably wore similar uniforms.

Uniform from 1738

Privates

Uniform in 1738 - Source: Dal Gavan
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne without lace
Grenadier no grenadier in this regiment
Neck stock red
Coat grey lined red with 6 white buttons on each side on the chest, 2 white buttons at the waist on the right side and 1 white button on each side in the small of the back
Collar white
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 white buttons
Cuffs white Prussian cuffs, each with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches grey
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt no information found
Waistbelt no information found
Cartridge Box no information found
Bayonet Scabbard no information found
Scabbard none
Footgear no information found


Privates were armed with a short musket.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with silver lace and black and white quartered pompoms

Officers

Officers wore a black tricorne with thin silver lace and a black cockade, a blue coat lined red with silver buttons, a white waistcoat and white breeches.

Musicians

no information found

Uniform in 1756

New uniforms were issued in the Summer of 1756.

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Dal Gavan
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne without lace with 1 pewter button, crimson pompoms
Grenadier no grenadier in this regiment
Neck stock red
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 6 pewter buttons on each side on the chest, 2 pewter buttons at the waist on the right side and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back
Collar crimson
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons
Cuffs crimson Swedish cuffs (Prussian blue as per the Grosser Generalstab), each with 2 pewter buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches 1 pair of grey linen breeches, 1 pair of blue breeches
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard no information found
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide silver lace and black and white quartered pompoms
  • a sabre

Officers

The uniforms of the officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne with a thin silver lace and a silver button
  • probably white neck stock
  • no shoulder strap on the coat
  • silver buttons
  • no turnback on the coat
  • white waistcoat and white breeches
  • black and silver sash around the waist

Officers carried an officer stick.

Musicians

no information found

Colours

no information found

References

Cremer, Peter: Die preussischen Landregimenter & -milizen, die Stettiner Haff-Flotille und das Verpflegungswesen der Armee 1756-1753, KLIO-Arbeitgruppe, Heimbach, 1987

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1

Menzel, Adolf von: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen in ihrer Uniformierung