Prussian Mineurs

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Prussian Mineurs

Origin and History

In 1742, two miner companies were created from the ten existing pioneer companies of the Pioneer Regiment and remained associated with this regiment. These two miner companies became independent on November 26, 1758. They were stationed in Glatz and Neisse.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was under the command of:

  • from November 26, 1758: Major de Signoret
  • from November 17, 1762: Major de Castilhon

Service during the War

The miner companies played an important role during:

Uniform

Miners in 1758 – From left to right: an officer, a miner in waistcoat and a NCO - Source: Knötel

To the exception of the miner cap, the uniform of the miner companies was identical to the uniform worn by Pioneer Regiment No. 49 from which it originated.

Privates

Uniform Details
Headgear low mitre with silver plated front plate; dark orange headband edged white with silver plated ornaments; dark orange cap piped white with a white pompom
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red, 6 pewter buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the chest on each side, 2 pewter buttons on the right side at the waist and 3 pewter buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps Prussian blue fastened with a small pewter button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets edged in red, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs Prussian blue (in the Swedish pattern) with 2 pewter buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat dark orange with a single row of small pewter buttons
Breeches dark orange
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Cross-belts one white belt over the left shoulder for the cartridge box and one narrower white belt over the right shoulder for the haversack
Waist-belt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • no shoulder strap
  • cuffs edged with silver lace braids
  • yellowish leather gloves
  • black and white sabre tassel

NCOs were armed with a sabre and a white half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.).

NCOs carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Uniforms of officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne scalloped silver with black and white quartered pompoms, a black cockade and a white button (officers always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding musketeers, fusiliers, grenadiers or miners)
  • black neck stock
  • no shoulder strap on the coat
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • silver cord loops on the coat:
    • 6 on the chest arranged 2-2-2
    • 2 at the waist on each side
    • 1 in the small of the back on each side
  • 2 silver cord loops on each pocket
  • 2 silver cord loops on each cuff
  • black and silver sash around the waist
  • a silver and gold gorget

Officers carried white spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.)and an officer stick.

Musicians

Lace of the drummer uniform - Source: E. Boltze Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen...

The laces of the drummers consisted of a 3 cm wide lace (white/blue/dark orange).

The uniforms of the drummers were similar to those of the privates but had much more elaborate lacing and other peculiarities:

  • each shoulder decorated with 4 vertical drummer laces and 1 horizontal drummer lace
  • coat, pockets and cuffs edged with the drummer lace


Colours

The miners probably did not carry colours.

References

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin 1901, Appendix 1

Knötel, R.: Farbiges Handbuch der Uniformkunde: Die Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht der deutschen Staaten, Österreich-Ungarns und der Schweiz. Begründet von Prof. Richard Knötel. Grundlegend überarbeitet und bis zum Stand von 1937 fortgeführt von Herbert Knötel d.J. und Herbert Sieg. Dem Stand der Forschung angepaßt und ergänzt von Ingo Pröper, überarbeitete Neuauflage, Stuttgart 1985, Vol. XVIII, Plate No. 45