Difference between revisions of "Prussian New Garrison Regiment"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== This r...")
 
(Standardization of all articles on the Prussian Army)
 
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# von Ahlimb
 
# von Ahlimb
 
# von Derschau
 
# von Derschau
# von Blanckensee till 1758, then von Froreich
+
# von Blanckensee till March 21 1758, then von Froreich  
 
# von Seiger
 
# von Seiger
 
# von Zander
 
# von Zander
 
# von Rüchel till February 24 1760, then von Blanckensee
 
# von Rüchel till February 24 1760, then von Blanckensee
 
# von Burgsdorff till March 4 1760, then von Kameke
 
# von Burgsdorff till March 4 1760, then von Kameke
 +
 +
In 1763, the regiment, to the exception of its 2 grenadier companies, was disbanded.
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
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|'''Musketeer'''||black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral ''corne''
 
|'''Musketeer'''||black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral ''corne''
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Grenadier'''||''not yet available''
+
|'''Grenadier'''||mitre cap with polished brass front plate; brass headband decorated with brass ornaments; red and blue backing piped yellow (the 2 lateral quarters were blue, the 2 rear quarters red); red within white pompom
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.
 
<br clear="all">
 
<br clear="all">
  
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|'''Musketeer'''||black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral ''corne''
 
|'''Musketeer'''||black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral ''corne''
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Grenadier'''||''not yet available''
+
|'''Grenadier'''||mitre cap with polished brass front plate; brass headband decorated with brass ornaments; red and blue backing piped yellow (the 2 lateral quarters were blue, the 2 rear quarters red); red within white pompom
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
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===NCOs===
 
===NCOs===
 
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:  
 
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:  
*tricorne with wide silver lace and black and white pompoms
+
*tricorne with wide silver lace and a black and white quartered pompom
 
*silver laced cuffs
 
*silver laced cuffs
*no shoulder straps
+
*no shoulder strap
 
*yellowish leather gloves  
 
*yellowish leather gloves  
 
*black and white sabre tassel  
 
*black and white sabre tassel  
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NCOs also carried wooden canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).
 
NCOs also carried wooden canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).
 
===Officers===
 
===Officers===
Officers had tricorne wearing a thin silver lace and 2 black and white quartered pompoms (1 in each side ''corne'' of the tricorne). They also wore a black and silver sash around the waist. They carried an officer stick and a silver and gold gorget. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but had no turnbacks.
+
Uniforms of officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:
 +
*black tricorne wearing a thin silver lace and 2 black and white tassels, 1 in each lateral ''corne'' of the tricorne (officers always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding musketeers, fusiliers or grenadiers)
 +
*black neck stock
 +
*no shoulder strap on the coat
 +
*no turnbacks on the coat
 +
*no trimming on the coat
 +
*black and silver sash around the waist
 +
*a silver and gold gorget
  
Officers carried white spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).
+
Officers carried white spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.) and an officer stick.
  
 
===Musicians===
 
===Musicians===
Line 177: Line 188:
  
 
Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn: ''Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen'', Podzun-Pallas, 2000, pp. 146-147
 
Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn: ''Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen'', Podzun-Pallas, 2000, pp. 146-147
 +
 +
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 1 ''Pirna und Lobositz'', Berlin, 1901, App. 1
  
 
Guddat, Martin: ''Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen'', Herford 1986
 
Guddat, Martin: ''Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen'', Herford 1986
  
 
Haythornthwaite, Philip: ''Frederick the Great (2)'', Men-at Arms-Series No. 240, Osprey  
 
Haythornthwaite, Philip: ''Frederick the Great (2)'', Men-at Arms-Series No. 240, Osprey  
 +
 +
Hohrath, Daniel: ''The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786''; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 453-459
  
 
Horvath, Carl Christian: ''Friedrichs II. König von Preussen Armee-Montirungen'', Potsdam 1789. Vierte Sammlung
 
Horvath, Carl Christian: ''Friedrichs II. König von Preussen Armee-Montirungen'', Potsdam 1789. Vierte Sammlung

Latest revision as of 05:10, 30 May 2015

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Prussian New Garrison Regiment

Origin and History

This regiment, formed in 1742, had no chef. In fact, it consisted of 8 independent companies raised at various times:

  1. originally raised in 1718 and garrisoning Mörs, Altena and Spandau
  2. originally raised in 1725 and garrisoning Regenstein
  3. originally raised in 1725 and garrisoning Tempelburg, Draheim, Bärwalde and Driesen
  4. originally raised in 1728 and garrisoning Peitz
  5. originally raised in 1730 and garrisoning Cüstrin
  6. originally raised in 1731 and garrisoning Cüstrin
  7. originally raised in 1735 and garrisoning Spandau
  8. originally raised in 1737 and garrisoning Stettin (Fort Preussen)

The regiment got its replacement from invalids and from soldiers unfit for duty in the line regiments. The regiment was considered as an invalid unit.

During the Seven Years' War, each independent company was under the command of:

  1. von Blomberg
  2. von Ahlimb
  3. von Derschau
  4. von Blanckensee till March 21 1758, then von Froreich
  5. von Seiger
  6. von Zander
  7. von Rüchel till February 24 1760, then von Blanckensee
  8. von Burgsdorff till March 4 1760, then von Kameke

In 1763, the regiment, to the exception of its 2 grenadier companies, was disbanded.

Service during the War

On September 14 1757, the company garrisoning Regenstein surrendered to the French army as prisoners of war.

N.B.: During the war the grenadiers from the wing grenadier company were put together with the grenadiers of Garrison Regiment III and Garrison Regiment IV, forming the Standing Grenadier Battalion Nr. I (G-NG/G-III/G-IV Kahlden) (please refer to this article for the details of the service of the grenadiers during the war).

Uniform

At unspecified dates, each company of the regiment changed uniforms. It is believed that most companies wore the new uniform (hereafter described at the "late uniform") at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War.

As was the case for most garrison regiments, the musketeers and grenadiers of this regiment wore different uniforms. The present article describes the uniform of the musketeers. For the uniform of the grenadiers, please refer to the article dedicated to the Standing Grenadier Battalion Nr. I.

Privates

Early Uniform

Early uniform - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral corne
Grenadier mitre cap with polished brass front plate; brass headband decorated with brass ornaments; red and blue backing piped yellow (the 2 lateral quarters were blue, the 2 rear quarters red); red within white pompom
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 6 white buttons on both sides on the chest, 2 white buttons at the waist on the right side and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps Prussian blue fastened with a white button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets piped red, each with 2 white buttons
Cuffs red "Prussian style" cuffs with 2 white buttons on each sleeve
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches Prussian blue
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt one white belt over the left shoulder for the cartridge box and one narrower white belt over the right shoulder for the haversack
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard none
Footgear black

Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

Late Uniform

Late uniform - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricone without lace with 1 white button, 1 red within white pompom and 1 smaller red within white white pompom in each lateral corne
Grenadier mitre cap with polished brass front plate; brass headband decorated with brass ornaments; red and blue backing piped yellow (the 2 lateral quarters were blue, the 2 rear quarters red); red within white pompom
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 6 white buttons on both sides on the chest, 2 white buttons at the waist on the right side and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps Prussian blue fastened with a white button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets piped red, each with 2 white buttons
Cuffs black plush "Swedish style" cuffs with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat Prussian blue
Breeches Prussian blue
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt one white belt over the left shoulder for the cartridge box and one narrower white belt over the right shoulder for the haversack
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard none
Footgear black


Privates were armed with a short musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide silver lace and a black and white quartered pompom
  • silver laced cuffs
  • no shoulder strap
  • yellowish leather gloves
  • black and white sabre tassel

NCOs were armed with a sabre and a white light half-pike measuring 7,5 Rhenish feet (2.37 m.).

NCOs also carried wooden canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Uniforms of officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne wearing a thin silver lace and 2 black and white tassels, 1 in each lateral corne of the tricorne (officers always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding musketeers, fusiliers or grenadiers)
  • black neck stock
  • no shoulder strap on the coat
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • no trimming on the coat
  • black and silver sash around the waist
  • a silver and gold gorget

Officers carried white spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.) and an officer stick.

Musicians

Drummers wore uniforms similar to those of privates but were distinguished by white swallow nests at the shoulders.

Drummers carried a sidearm.

The drum pattern had ???.

Colours

The regiment did not carry any colour.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans: Die friderizianischen Uniformen 1756-1783, Bd. II., Infanterie II, Osnabrück 1984

Duffy, Christopher: Friedrich der Große und seine Armee, Stuttgart, 2. Auflage 1983

Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn: Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen, Podzun-Pallas, 2000, pp. 146-147

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, App. 1

Guddat, Martin: Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen, Herford 1986

Haythornthwaite, Philip: Frederick the Great (2), Men-at Arms-Series No. 240, Osprey

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 453-459

Horvath, Carl Christian: Friedrichs II. König von Preussen Armee-Montirungen, Potsdam 1789. Vierte Sammlung

Merta, Klaus-Peter: Das Heerwesen in Brandenburg und Preußen von 1640 bis 1806 - Die Uniformierung, Berlin 1991

Acknowledgments

Martina Hager for the initial version of this article.