Quercy Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Quercy Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 16 1684 and took the name of the province of Quercy. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment initially served in Italy from 1733 to 1735. In 1736, it was at Huningue.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed on the Alpine frontier from 1742 to 1744. Then, from 1746 to 1747, it served in Provence.

The regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 85th and was under the command of:

  • since September 22 1753: marquis Roussel de Courcy
  • September 27 1761: de Massan
  • from December 1 1762 to 1776: comte de Menou

Service during the War

From 1757 to 1758, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Bretagne. By August 1 1757, it was stationed at Le Conquet.

On September 11 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of Saint-Cast.

In 1760, the regiment was sent to Saint-Domingue where it remained till 1766 well after the end of the war.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (red in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (5 copper buttons on each pocket )
Cuffs red with 5 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (red in 1761)
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four yellow cantons. Each canton was traversed by a violet horizontal band. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1776.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred; Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.