Difference between revisions of "Quercy Infanterie"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The regi...")
 
(Added info from Susane's work)
 
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The regiment was created on September 16 1684 and took the name of the province of Quercy. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.  
 
The regiment was created on September 16 1684 and took the name of the province of Quercy. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.  
  
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment initially served in Italy from 1733 to 1735. In 1736, it was at Huningue.  
+
During the first campaigns of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment remained in garrison on the frontier of the Alps. In 1692, it took part in the defence of Embrun. In 1693, it took part in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it was placed in garrison in Pinerolo. In 1696, it was transferred to the Rhine where it served till the end of the war.
  
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed on the Alpine frontier from 1742 to 1744. Then, from 1746 to 1747, it served in Provence.
+
In December 1700, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the first battalion was sent to Italy. On February 1, 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions. In 1702, the grenadiers of the first battalion distinguished themselves at the Combat of Santa Vittoria. In 1703, the first battalion took part in the offensive in South Tyrol; in 1705,  in the sieges of Verrua and Mirandola and in the Battle of Cassano; in the Battle of Calcinato, in the siege of Turin and the Battle of Castiglione; in 1707, in the defence of Provence and Dauphiné; and in 1708, in the capture of Césane. It then continued to serve in the Alps. Meanwhile, the second battalion initially served in Flanders from 1701 to 1703. It then served on the Moselle from 1703 to 1710. In 1711, the entire regiment was reunited in Dauphiné. In 1714, it was sent to Catalonia where it took part in the siege of Barcelona. After the capture of Barcelona, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion.
  
The regiment counted only one battalion.  
+
On 30 July 1715, the regiment incorporated part of the disbanded Vallouze Infanterie.
 +
 
 +
In 1727, the regiment took part in the training camp on the Saône.
 +
 
 +
In October 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment was sent to Italy. The same year, it took part in the sieges of Gera d’Adda, Pizzighetone and Milan; in 1734, in the capture of Serravalle, Novara and Tortosa, in the combat of Colorno, in the battles of Parma and Guastalla, and in the siege of Mirandola; and in 1735, in the reduction of Gonzague, Reggiolo, Revere and Guastalla. In September 1736, the regiment returned to France.
 +
 
 +
In 1742, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment was initially stationed on the Alpine frontier. In 1743, it took part in the attack on the entrenchments of Chenal and in the capture of the Castle of Pont; in 1744, in the capture of the Lines of Montalban and Villefranche, in the passage of the Alps through the Stura Valley, in the reduction of Château-Dauphin and Démont, in the siege of Coni and in the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo; in 1746, in the defence of Provence and in the relief of Antibes; in 1747, in the attack on the entrenchments of Montalban an Villefranche and in the occupation of Nice and Vintimiglia.
 +
 
 +
On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.  
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 85<sup>th</sup> and was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 85<sup>th</sup> and was under the command of:  
*since September 22 1753: marquis Roussel de Courcy
+
*from September 22, 1753: Michel Roussel-d’Espourdon, Marquis de Courcy
*September 27 1761: de Massan
+
*from September 27m 1761: Joseph de Massan
*from December 1 1762 to 1776: comte de Menou
+
*from December 1, 1762 to April 18, 1776: François-Ménehould, Comte de Menou
 +
 
 +
On April 30, 1762, the regiment was increased to two battalions. On December 30 of the same year, it was assigned to the service of harbours and colonies.
 +
 
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
From 1757 to 1758, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Bretagne. By August 1 1757, it was stationed at Le Conquet.
+
From 1757 to 1758, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Bretagne. By August 1, 1757, it was stationed at Le Conquet.
  
On September 11 1758, the regiment took part to the combat of [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|Saint-Cast]].
+
On September 11, 1758, the regiment took part in the [[1758-09-11 - Combat of Saint-Cast|Combat of Saint-Cast]]. While [[Boulonnais Infanterie]] threw itself against the left of the British positions, the regiment marched at the head of the column of attack on the other wing. It was a lieutenant of the regiment, followed by 15 grenadiers, who was the first to penetrate into the British entrenchments.
  
In 1760, the regiment was sent to Saint-Domingue where it remained till 1766 well after the end of the war.
+
In 1760, the regiment was part of the tardy reinforcements sent to the defenders of the French colonies. It was placed in garrison in Saint-Domingue where it would remain until 1766, well after the end of the war.  
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
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[[File:Quercy Infanterie Uniform Plate.jpg|left|frame|Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf]]
 
[[File:Quercy Infanterie Uniform Plate.jpg|left|frame|Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf]]
 
{| class="tblunout"
 
{| class="tblunout"
|+<big>'''Uniform Details as per<br/>''Etrennes militaires'' 1758,<br/>and ''Etat militaire'' 1761'''</big>
+
|+<big>'''Uniform Details as per<br>''Etrennes militaires'' 1758,<br/>and ''Etat militaire'' 1761'''</big>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Headgear'''||
 
|'''Headgear'''||
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|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white
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|'''Lapels'''||''none''
 
|'''Lapels'''||''none''
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets (5 copper buttons on each pocket )
+
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets, each with 5 copper buttons  
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Cuffs'''||red with 5 copper buttons
+
|'''Cuffs'''||red, each with 5 copper buttons
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||''none''
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||''none''
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''n/a''
 
''n/a''
 
==Colours==
 
==Colours==
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four yellow cantons. Each canton was traversed by a violet horizontal band. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1776.
+
'''Colonel colour''': white with a white cross.  
 +
 
 +
'''Ordonnance colours''': a white cross and four yellow cantons; each canton traversed by a violet horizontal band. Ordonnance colours remained unchanged from 1684 to 1776.
  
 
{|
 
{|
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==References==
 
==References==
Funcken, Liliane and Fred; ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
+
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
 +
*Susane, Louis: ''Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française'', J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 151-156
 +
 
 +
'''Other sources'''
 +
 
 +
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''  
  
Menguy, Patrice; [http://patricemenguy.free.fr/sujetsdubienaime/Sommaire.html Les Sujets du Bien Aimé]
+
Menguy, Patrice: ''Les Sujets du Bien Aimé'' (a website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
  
 
Mouillard, Lucien, ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  
 
Mouillard, Lucien, ''Les Régiments sous Louis XV'', Paris: 1882  

Latest revision as of 14:14, 30 April 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Quercy Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 16 1684 and took the name of the province of Quercy. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the first campaigns of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment remained in garrison on the frontier of the Alps. In 1692, it took part in the defence of Embrun. In 1693, it took part in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it was placed in garrison in Pinerolo. In 1696, it was transferred to the Rhine where it served till the end of the war.

In December 1700, on the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the first battalion was sent to Italy. On February 1, 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions. In 1702, the grenadiers of the first battalion distinguished themselves at the Combat of Santa Vittoria. In 1703, the first battalion took part in the offensive in South Tyrol; in 1705, in the sieges of Verrua and Mirandola and in the Battle of Cassano; in the Battle of Calcinato, in the siege of Turin and the Battle of Castiglione; in 1707, in the defence of Provence and Dauphiné; and in 1708, in the capture of Césane. It then continued to serve in the Alps. Meanwhile, the second battalion initially served in Flanders from 1701 to 1703. It then served on the Moselle from 1703 to 1710. In 1711, the entire regiment was reunited in Dauphiné. In 1714, it was sent to Catalonia where it took part in the siege of Barcelona. After the capture of Barcelona, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion.

On 30 July 1715, the regiment incorporated part of the disbanded Vallouze Infanterie.

In 1727, the regiment took part in the training camp on the Saône.

In October 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment was sent to Italy. The same year, it took part in the sieges of Gera d’Adda, Pizzighetone and Milan; in 1734, in the capture of Serravalle, Novara and Tortosa, in the combat of Colorno, in the battles of Parma and Guastalla, and in the siege of Mirandola; and in 1735, in the reduction of Gonzague, Reggiolo, Revere and Guastalla. In September 1736, the regiment returned to France.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was initially stationed on the Alpine frontier. In 1743, it took part in the attack on the entrenchments of Chenal and in the capture of the Castle of Pont; in 1744, in the capture of the Lines of Montalban and Villefranche, in the passage of the Alps through the Stura Valley, in the reduction of Château-Dauphin and Démont, in the siege of Coni and in the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo; in 1746, in the defence of Provence and in the relief of Antibes; in 1747, in the attack on the entrenchments of Montalban an Villefranche and in the occupation of Nice and Vintimiglia.

On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 85th and was under the command of:

  • from September 22, 1753: Michel Roussel-d’Espourdon, Marquis de Courcy
  • from September 27m 1761: Joseph de Massan
  • from December 1, 1762 to April 18, 1776: François-Ménehould, Comte de Menou

On April 30, 1762, the regiment was increased to two battalions. On December 30 of the same year, it was assigned to the service of harbours and colonies.

Service during the War

From 1757 to 1758, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Bretagne. By August 1, 1757, it was stationed at Le Conquet.

On September 11, 1758, the regiment took part in the Combat of Saint-Cast. While Boulonnais Infanterie threw itself against the left of the British positions, the regiment marched at the head of the column of attack on the other wing. It was a lieutenant of the regiment, followed by 15 grenadiers, who was the first to penetrate into the British entrenchments.

In 1760, the regiment was part of the tardy reinforcements sent to the defenders of the French colonies. It was placed in garrison in Saint-Domingue where it would remain until 1766, well after the end of the war.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (red in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 5 copper buttons
Cuffs red, each with 5 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (red in 1761)
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Colonel colour: white with a white cross.

Ordonnance colours: a white cross and four yellow cantons; each canton traversed by a violet horizontal band. Ordonnance colours remained unchanged from 1684 to 1776.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 151-156

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.