Reina Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Reina Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created on June 15 1735 in Guadalajara by Colonel Don Juan Pacheco from pickets supplied by regiments garrisoning Ceuta (Toscana, Lisboa and Murcia). It was designated as “Regimiento Real de la Reina”. The regiment was then sent to Extremadura.

In 1737, the regiment was cantoned in Trujillo when it was ordered to go to Cádiz to assume garrison duty.

In 1740, on the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment embarked for Tuscany to join the army assembling under the Count of Montemar for the reconquest of Lombardy. It disembarked at Orbitello. In 1741, it was at the camp of Rimini. In 1743, it took part in the Battle of Campo Santo before retiring to Naples. In 1744, it bravely defended its positions at Fayola. In 1745, it took part in the attack on the entrenchments of Bocheta, in the siege and capture of Tortona, in the Battle of Bassignano and in the blockade of Milan. In 1746, it retreated to La Spezia and then fought in the Battle of Piacenza and in the Battle of Rottofreddo before retreating the the County of Nice. It was then transported to Naples where it remained until 1749.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from at least January 1761: Colonel Don Cristobal de Pecho

In 1763, the regiment was transferred to Central America.

In 1769 the regiment was disbanded after a mutiny in Panama.

Service during the War

In May 1761, the regiment, who was garrisoning Cádiz, was transferred to Ceuta on the coast of North Africa,

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a red cockade fastened with a white button
Grenadier black bearskins with a red flame piped with a thin white lace.
Neck stock white
Coat blue with white buttons on the right side and white buttonholes on both sides
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons and three white buttonholes
Cuffs red, each with 3 white buttons and 3 white buttonholes
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat red with white buttons, white buttonholes and horizontal pockets (also with white buttons and white buttonholes)
Breeches blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

Officers

The colonel, lieutenant-colonel sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:

  • gold for the colonel
  • silver for the lieutenant-colonel
  • silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
  • ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
  • wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants

Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthermore, their officer stick had no handle.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

The coronela (colonel flag) of the regiment was white with a red Burgundian cross terminated in each corner by a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (unknown) surmounted by a golden crown. In the middle: the arms of Charles III surrounded by the necklace of the order of the Toison de Oro (Golden Fleece).

The batallonas (ordonnance flags) of the regiment were white with a red Burgundian cross terminated in each corner by a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (unknown) surmounted by a golden crown.

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XII, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 327-331

Other sources Album de Taccoli, 1759

État militaire (circa 1737-1750), Anne S.K. Brown Collection

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.