Rooth Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Rooth Infanterie

Origin and History

This Irish regiment was raised on February 27 1698 among the former Guards of the English King James II who had taken refuge in France in 1689.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine from 1733 to 1735.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in the Palatinate in 1743. It was then transferred to Flanders for the campaigns of 1745 and 1746. In 1746, it returned to Dunkerque to take part in the expedition of Charles Edward Stuart (aka Bonnie Prince Charlie) in Scotland. On April 16 of the same year, the Comte de Rooth was taken prisoner at the Battle of Culloden. On July 2 1747, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lauffeld. In 1748, it took part in the siege of Maastricht.

The regiment counted only 1 battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 98th and was under the command of:

  • since May 28 1733 until August 19 1766: Comte de Rooth

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was stationed at Calais.

By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Dunkerque in Flanders.

In 1760, the regiment joined the French armies operating in Germany. By May 23, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Giessen.

In 1762, the regiment was stationed at Cambrai.

To do: details of the campaigns from 1761 to 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Gal Hanotaux 1757, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759

completed where necessary as per Mouillard
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock probably black
Coat red lined blue with 12 copper buttons (including those on the lapel) down to the waist and 1 copper button on each side at the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps one blue on the left shoulder (as per Mouillard)
Lapels red with copper buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue lined white with two rows of copper buttons and yellow buttonholes down to the waist
Breeches blue
Gaiters white fastened with a black strap
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt probably natural leather
Waistbelt probably natural leather
Cartridge Box probably natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Drummers wore the livery of the king of England.

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of the initials “JR” surmounted by a golden crown.
Ordonnance colours: white field with a red cross; centre device consisting of a golden crown of England surmounted by a golden lion.
Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Évrard, P.: Praetiriti Fides

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 210

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre, Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.