Origin and History
This Irish regiment was raised on February 27 1698 among the former Guards of the English King James II who had taken refuge in France in 1689.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served on the Rhine from 1733 to 1735.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially served in the Palatinate in 1743. It was then transferred to Flanders for the campaigns of 1745 and 1746. In 1746, it returned to Dunkerque to take part in the expedition of Charles Edward Stuart (aka Bonnie Prince Charlie) in Scotland. On April 16 of the same year, the Comte de Rooth was taken prisoner at the Battle of Culloden. On July 2 1747, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lauffeld. In 1748, it took part in the siege of Maastricht.
The regiment counted only 1 battalion.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 98th and was under the command of:
- since May 28 1733 until August 19 1766: Comte de Rooth
Service during the War
In 1756, the regiment was stationed at Calais.
By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Dunkerque in Flanders.
In 1760, the regiment joined the French armies operating in Germany. By May 23, the regiment was part of the first line of the infantry centre of Broglie's Army. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Giessen.
In 1762, the regiment was stationed at Cambrai.
To do: details of the campaigns from 1761 to 1762.
|Neck stock||probably black|
|Coat||red lined blue with 12 copper buttons (including those on the lapel) down to the waist and 1 copper button on each side at the small of the back
|Waistcoat||blue lined white with two rows of copper buttons and yellow buttonholes down to the waist|
|Gaiters||white fastened with a black strap|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
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Drummers wore the livery of the king of England.
- Colonel colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of the initials “JR” surmounted by a golden crown.
- Ordonnance colours: white field with a red cross; centre device consisting of a golden crown of England surmounted by a golden lion.
Évrard, P.: Praetiriti Fides
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 210
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre, Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.