Royal Bavière Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was raised on January 1 1709 for the Comte de Bavière, a natural son of the Elector of Bavaria. It was the last regiment created during the reign of Louis XIV.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served at Ettlingen in 1734. In 1735, it was transferred to the Italian theatre of operation. In 1736, it was at Fort-Louis.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1741, the regiment initially served in Bavaria. In 1742, it defended Prague after the capture of the city. In 1743, the regiment was at Egra, In 1744, it campaigned in Palatinate. In 1747, it served on the Var. In 1748, the regiment was sent to Corsica where it remained until 1753.
The regiment counted two battalions.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 101st and was under the command of:
- since March 25 1748: Comte d'Heilfemberg
- fom August 15 1760 to 1775: Comte de Lowenhaupt
On January 18 1760, when the German Infantry was reorganised, the regiment was increased to three battalions by the incorporation of La Dauphine Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1757, the regiment joined the Army of the Lower Rhine, commanded by the Maréchal d'Estrées, for the planned invasion of Hanover. At the end of June, it was at the camp of Bielefeld with d'Estrées's main corps. On July 26, the regiment was at the Battle of Hastenbeck where it supported the leading columns of the left wing. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in the first line of the French army at Viehenburg.
At the end of January 1758, the regiment was assigned to the army that Louis XV planned to send to Bohemia for joint operations with the Austrian Army. However, when an Allied army led by Ferdinand of Brunswick launched its winter offensive in western Germany in February, the regiment retired to the Rhine with the rest of the French army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. In the first days of June, as a French army prepared for an offensive in Hesse, the regiment was part of a detachment under the command of the Duc de Broglie who followed up Ysenburg during his retreat. On July 23, the regiment took part in the Combat of Sandershausen where it was placed in the first line of the centre. It stopped the Hessian cavalry who had previously broken the opposing French cavalry units.
On April 13 1759, the regiment took part in the Battle of Bergen where it formed part of the reserve of the left wing deployed in regimental columns behind the Warthberg. In June, at the beginning of the French offensive in western Germany, the regiment was part of the “Right Reserve” under the command of the Duc de Broglie who had taken position at Friedberg in Hesse. On August 1, the regiment took part in the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in the first line of Broglie's Corps.
By the end of January 1760, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in the first line of the French army. By mid March, the regiment was billeted in Friedberg, still in the first line. By May 23, the regiment was part of the right reserve of the first line of Broglie's Army, placed under the command of Prince Xavier. On July 14, Glaubitz's detachment (Anhalt Infanterie (3 bns), Royal Bavière Infanterie (3 bns), Bercheny Hussards and some light troops) marched from Marburg towards Ziegenhain, encamping at Vasbeck for the night, the regiment forming the left wing. On July 16 at 10:00 a.m., one battalion of the regiment was sent towards Marburg where it would be assigned to the guard of the field-bakery. The rest of Glaubitz's detachment was then attacked by surprise the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick in the Engagement of Emsdorf.
In 1761, the regiment was stationed at Ostende.
In 1762, the regiment served on the Lower Rhine.
To do: more details on the campaigns from 1761 to 1762
The following description has been verified against Taccoli's book published in 1760.
|Coat||turquin blue lined white with 4 white buttons under the right lapel
|Waistcoat||turquin blue with 10 white buttons (one side only) and 10 white laced buttonholes grouped 2 by two on each side|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
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The drummers of the regiment wore the Royal Livery: blue coat lined red; red cuffs, waistcoat and breeches; laced with the braid of the small Royal Livery.
Colonel Colour: white field with a white cross; centre device consisting of an image of the Virgin Mary painted in the middle of the white cross; bordered with blue and white squares.
Ordonnance Colours: blue field with a white cross; bordered with blue and white squares; golden fleurs de lys in each branch of the cross.
The colours of the regiment remained unchanged from 1709 to 1780.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23
Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760
Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.