Difference between revisions of "Royal Corse Infanterie"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The regi...")
 
(Added info from Susane's work)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The regiment was raised on August 10 1739 in Corsica and travelled to France in November of the same year.
+
In 1738, France intervened in Corsica at the request of the Republic of Genoa to quench the whims of independence of the island. However, after the end of the rebellion, the Genoans imposed so harsh conditions that the French decided to offer Corsicans to serve in the French Army. On August 10, 1739, a royal decree created the “Royal-Corse Infanterie.” The regiment, which initially consisted of twelve companies, was raised under the supervision of M. de Maillebois who commanded the French troops in Corsica. Only the colonel and the lieutenant-colonel were French, all other officers were chosen among the most influential leaders of Corsica. In November, the four first companies embarked at Calvi For France. They were soon followed by the rest of the regiment.
  
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment initially guarded the frontiers with Flanders. In 1743, it was at Berghes. In 1744, it embarked for the expedition to Scotland. On his return, it was stationed at Menin. On May 11 1745, it took part in the battle of Fontenoy. On October 11 1746, it fought at  Raucoux. In 1747, it was at Malines. In 1748, it was at Berg-op-Zoom.
+
During the first campaigns of the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment initially guarded the frontiers with Flanders. In 1743, it was initially posted at Berghes but was sent to Dunkerque in preparation of the planned expedition in Scotland. At the beginning of 1744, it embarked for Scotland but a storm having caused heavy damages to the fleet, the expedition was canceled and the regiment rejoined the army of the Maréchal de Saxe and served at the sieges of Menin , Ypres and Furnes. In 1745, it formed part of the Eu Brigade and fought in the Battle of Fontenoy. It then took part in the reduction of Tournai, Oudenarde, Termonde and Ath. In 1746, it formed a brigade with [[Dauphin Infanterie]] and fought in the Battle of Rocoux. At the end of the campaign, the regiment was placed in garrison at Antwerp where it spend the first five months of 1747. It then contributed to the capture of Lierre. During the Battle of Lauffeld, it was charged to guard the town of Tirlemont and was not involved in combat. It then served at the siege and capture of Berg-op-Zoom. In 1748, it took part in the siege of Maastricht.
  
This regiment counted only one battalion.
+
In 1749, the regiment returned to France where it was placed in garrison in Bouchain.
 +
 
 +
On the eve of the Seven Years' War, this regiment counted only one battalion.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 103<sup>rd</sup>, it was under the nominal command of king [[Louis XV]] and under the effective command of its successive lieutenant-colonels:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 103<sup>rd</sup>, it was under the nominal command of king [[Louis XV]] and under the effective command of its successive lieutenant-colonels:  
*since August 10 1739: de Villeneuve comte de Vence
+
*from August 15, 1739: Claude-Alexandre de Villeneuve, Comte de Vence
*from January 18 1760 to November 27 1765: comte de Vence
+
*from January 18, 1760 to November 27, 1765: Jean-Alexandre-Roméo de Villeneuve, Vicomte de Vence
  
On December 21 1762, the regiment was incorporated into [[Royal Italien Infanterie]]. Effective incorporation took place in March 1763 at Perpignan.
+
On December 21, 1762, the regiment was incorporated into [[Royal Italien Infanterie]]. Effective incorporation took place in March 1763 at Perpignan. The regiment would be re-established in 1765.
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
 
On April 23 1756, fearing for the coasts of Provence which were only guarded by [[Cambis Infanterie|II./Cambis Infanterie]] and five poor quality militia battalions, Richelieu ordered the regiments of [[La Viefville Saint-Chamond Infanterie]] and Royal Corse to reinforce this area.  
 
On April 23 1756, fearing for the coasts of Provence which were only guarded by [[Cambis Infanterie|II./Cambis Infanterie]] and five poor quality militia battalions, Richelieu ordered the regiments of [[La Viefville Saint-Chamond Infanterie]] and Royal Corse to reinforce this area.  
  
By August 1 1757, the regiment had been transferred to the Isle de Ré in the Aunis country.  
+
By August 1, 1757, the regiment had been transferred to the Isle de Ré in the Aunis country.  
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
Line 32: Line 34:
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white lined grey-white with 12 yellow buttons on the right side and 1 yellow button on each side at the small of the back
 
|'''Coat'''||grey-white lined grey-white with 12 yellow buttons on the right side and 1 yellow button on each side at the small of the back
Line 43: Line 45:
 
|'''Lapels'''||''none''  
 
|'''Lapels'''||''none''  
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets (4 yellow buttons)
+
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets, each with 4 yellow buttons
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Cuffs'''||green, each with 4 yellow buttons and 4 narrow white buttonholes
 
|'''Cuffs'''||green, each with 4 yellow buttons and 4 narrow white buttonholes
Line 91: Line 93:
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
The article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
 
The article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
 +
*Susane, Louis: ''Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française'', J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 320-325
 
*Pajol, Charles P. V., ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 214
 
*Pajol, Charles P. V., ''Les Guerres sous Louis XV'', vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 214
  
 
'''Other sources'''
 
'''Other sources'''
  
Anonymous, ''Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757'', Vol. 1, ca. 1757
+
Anonymous: ''Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757'', Vol. 1, ca. 1757
  
Funcken, Liliane et Fred; ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
+
Funcken, Liliane et Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
  
Menguy, Patrice; [http://patricemenguy.free.fr/sujetsdubienaime/Sommaire.html Les Sujets du Bien Aimé]
+
Menguy, Patrice: ''Les Sujets du Bien Aimé'' (a website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)
  
Rogge, Christian; ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
+
Rogge, Christian: ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
  
 
Service Historique de l'armée de terre, ''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757''
 
Service Historique de l'armée de terre, ''Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757''
  
Taccoli, Alfonso; ''Teatro Militare dell' Europa'', Part I, Vol. II, Madrid, 1760
+
Taccoli, Alfonso: ''Teatro Militare dell' Europa'', Part I, Vol. II, Madrid, 1760
  
 
Vial J. L.; [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
 
Vial J. L.; [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
  
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:French Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 11:57, 17 August 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Royal Corse Infanterie

Origin and History

In 1738, France intervened in Corsica at the request of the Republic of Genoa to quench the whims of independence of the island. However, after the end of the rebellion, the Genoans imposed so harsh conditions that the French decided to offer Corsicans to serve in the French Army. On August 10, 1739, a royal decree created the “Royal-Corse Infanterie.” The regiment, which initially consisted of twelve companies, was raised under the supervision of M. de Maillebois who commanded the French troops in Corsica. Only the colonel and the lieutenant-colonel were French, all other officers were chosen among the most influential leaders of Corsica. In November, the four first companies embarked at Calvi For France. They were soon followed by the rest of the regiment.

During the first campaigns of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment initially guarded the frontiers with Flanders. In 1743, it was initially posted at Berghes but was sent to Dunkerque in preparation of the planned expedition in Scotland. At the beginning of 1744, it embarked for Scotland but a storm having caused heavy damages to the fleet, the expedition was canceled and the regiment rejoined the army of the Maréchal de Saxe and served at the sieges of Menin , Ypres and Furnes. In 1745, it formed part of the Eu Brigade and fought in the Battle of Fontenoy. It then took part in the reduction of Tournai, Oudenarde, Termonde and Ath. In 1746, it formed a brigade with Dauphin Infanterie and fought in the Battle of Rocoux. At the end of the campaign, the regiment was placed in garrison at Antwerp where it spend the first five months of 1747. It then contributed to the capture of Lierre. During the Battle of Lauffeld, it was charged to guard the town of Tirlemont and was not involved in combat. It then served at the siege and capture of Berg-op-Zoom. In 1748, it took part in the siege of Maastricht.

In 1749, the regiment returned to France where it was placed in garrison in Bouchain.

On the eve of the Seven Years' War, this regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 103rd, it was under the nominal command of king Louis XV and under the effective command of its successive lieutenant-colonels:

  • from August 15, 1739: Claude-Alexandre de Villeneuve, Comte de Vence
  • from January 18, 1760 to November 27, 1765: Jean-Alexandre-Roméo de Villeneuve, Vicomte de Vence

On December 21, 1762, the regiment was incorporated into Royal Italien Infanterie. Effective incorporation took place in March 1763 at Perpignan. The regiment would be re-established in 1765.

Service during the War

On April 23 1756, fearing for the coasts of Provence which were only guarded by II./Cambis Infanterie and five poor quality militia battalions, Richelieu ordered the regiments of La Viefville Saint-Chamond Infanterie and Royal Corse to reinforce this area.

By August 1, 1757, the regiment had been transferred to the Isle de Ré in the Aunis country.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759
Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761

completed where necessary according to the illustration in the manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757"
and Taccoli's illustration in "Teatro Militare dell' Europa" of 1760"
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock black
Coat grey-white lined grey-white with 12 yellow buttons on the right side and 1 yellow button on each side at the small of the back
Collar green
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 4 yellow buttons
Cuffs green, each with 4 yellow buttons and 4 narrow white buttonholes
Turnbacks none (Taccoli and Raspe both show grey-white turnbacks)
Waistcoat red with 2 rows of 12 yellow buttons each, grouped 2 by 2; and 12 narrow white buttonholes
Breeches white
Gaiters white with small black buttons
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard natural leather


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

Officers wore uniform quite similar to those of the privates with the following differences:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • silver gorget
  • no turnbacks
  • a wooden cane

Musicians

The drummers of the regiment wore the Royal Livery: blue coat lined red; red cuffs, waistcoat and breeches; laced with the braid of the small Royal Livery.

Drummer wearing the Royal Livery - Source: Jocelyne Chevanelle

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

French Royal Livery - Source: reconstruction based on a sample from Jean-Louis Vial's collection


Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross sown with golden fleurs de lys; carrying the golden motto “Per Haec Regnum” on the horizontal branch of the cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross sown with golden fleurs de lys and carrying the golden motto “Per Haec Regnum” on its horizontal branch; with 4 green cantons.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

The article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 320-325
  • Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 214

Other sources

Anonymous: Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, Vol. 1, ca. 1757

Funcken, Liliane et Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service Historique de l'armée de terre, Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part I, Vol. II, Madrid, 1760

Vial J. L.; Nec Pluribus Impar