Russian Navy

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy

Introduction

Contrarily to ships of other contemporary navies, the ships of the Russian Navy were standardized along a unique class for each rate. They were built as per the shipbuilding regulations initially established in 1723 by Peter I the Great.

Personnel

n/a

Ships of the Line

First Rate

Svyatoy Dmitriy Rostovskiy (100)
Zakhariy i Elizavet (100)

Second Rate

Kir Ioann (80)

Svyataya Ekaterina (80)
Svyatoy Andrey Pervozvanniy (80)
Svyatoy Ioann Zlayoust Perviy (80)

Svyatoy Kliment Papa Rimskiy (80)

Svyatoy Nikolay (80)
Svyatoy Pavel (80)

Third Rate

Archangel Gavriil (66)

Archangel Rafail (66)
Archangel Uriil (66)
Astrakhan (66)
Ingermanland (66)
Lesnoy (66)

Moskva (66) 1750

Moskva (66) 1760
Nataliya (66)
Poltava (66)
Rafail (66)
Revel (66)
Severnyi Orel (66)

Svyatoy Aleksandr Nevskiy (66) 1749

Svyatoy Aleksandr Nevskiy (66) 1762
Svyatoy Iakov (66)
Svyatoy Ioann Zlatoust Vtoroy (66)
Svyatoy Petr (66)
Svyatoy Sergiy (66)
Unnamed (66)

Fourth Rate

Gorod Archangelsk (54)
Neptunus (54)
Schlusselburg (54)
Svyatoy Nikolay Vtoroy (54)
Varakhail (54)

Frigates

Archangel Mikhail (32)

Kreiser (32)
Rossiya (32)
Selafail (32)
Svyatoy Feodor (32)

Svyatoy Mikhail (32)

Svyatoy Sergiy (32)
Ulriksdal (24)
Wachmeister (32)
Yagudiil (32)

Prams

A pram was a shallow-draught flat-bottomed ship used in the Baltic Sea. Its shallow draught allowed it to approach the shore. It typically carried 10-20 guns on one gun deck and had either two or three masts. (Source: Wikipedia - Pram (ship))

Olifant (36) renamed Buyvol in 1759
Dikiy Byk (36)
Olifant (36)

Note: the first two took part in the Siege of Memel

Pinks

A pink was a type of small ship with a narrow stern, having derived from the Dutch word pincke. It had a large cargo capacity and was generally square rigged. Its flat bottom (and resulting shallow draught) made it more useful in shallow waters than some similar classes of ship. It was most often used for short-range missions in protected channels, as both merchantmen and warships. (Source: Wikipedia - Pink (ship))

Kola (12)

Lapomink (12)
Novaya Dvinka (22)
Povrakul' (22)
Vologda (22)
Kargopol' (22)

Holmogory (12)

Verbl'ud (22)
Slon (22)
Lev (22)
Edinorog (22)

Note: all pinks of the Russian Navy were of frigate size or even bigger and usually served as escorting vessels

Packet-boats

A packet-boat was a small boat designed for domestic mail, passenger and freight transportation.

Sokol (12)
Lebed' (12)
Merkurius (12)
Kur'er (16)

Note: during the Seven Years War, Russian packet-boats served as light vanguard in cruising squadrons and as post ships

Bomb Ketches

Donder (10)
Jupiter (10)
Samson (10)

Note: all took part in the Siege of Colberg of 1761

Fireships

Mitau

Transports

Flutes

Novopostroenniy

Note: bought by the Russian Navy for transport service

Galiots

A galiot was a small transport ship.

Rak

Cherepaha
Anna-Maria
Tonein
Lotsman
Shturman

Junge-Tobias (former Prussian)

Galiot No. 1 (former Prussian)
Galiot No. 2 (former Prussian)
Galiot No. 3 (former Prussian)
Galiot No. 4 (former Prussian)

Note: it seems that these were the only galiots known for their service or actions during the Seven Years' War, or maybe the only galiots that were present in the navy list (others used for transport services during the war could have been chartered as civil vessels).

References

Chernyshev, A.A.: Russian sailing fleet, Vol.1, 1997

Didier: Didier, la Bible des navires de 1700 à 1850 - Russie, Histoire et figurines

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 years of sailing fleet)

http://www.navy.su/

Acknowledgement

Roman Shlygin for his important contribution to the articles related to the Russian Navy