Rye (24)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Rye (24)

Origin and History

The frigate was built by Robert Carter at Southampton in 1745 and launched on February 11 1746.

During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:

  • 1758: captain Alexander Campbell (died on November 17 1758 at Antigua)
  • from November 18 1758: commander Daniel Deering
  • from January 29 1759: captain Richard King

from May 12 1759 to September 1761: captain Weston Varlo

The frigate was sold on March 15 1763.

Service during the War

In March and April 1758, the frigate took part to the expedition against Fort Louis in Senegal. She sailed from Plymouth on March 9 as part of Marsh's small squadron. This British force captured Fort Louis on May 1. Marsh's squadron then sailed for the island of Gorée and attacked it on May 24, retiring badly mauled after a cannonade of more then 2 hours. Later, the frigate sailed with a convoy for the Leeward Islands.

At the beginning of January 1759, the frigate was among the fleet assembled at Carlisle Bay in Barbados under commodore John Moore for the planned expedition against the Martinique and Guadeloupe islands. On January 13, the whole British force sailed for Martinique Island. On January 15, the fleet lay off the bay of Fort Royal (actual Fort de France). On January 18, after an unsuccessful attempt by the land troops to capture Fort Royal, the British fleet proceeded to Saint-Pierre, the second town in Martinique. On January 19, after failing to silence the batteries around Saint-Pierre, commodore Moore decided to redirect his efforts against the island of Guadeloupe. On January 22, the British fleet reached Basse-Terre. On January 23, the fleet bombarded the citadel and town of Basse-Terre which was almost entirely destroyed. On January 24, British troops landed and occupied the town. Until March 11, most of the fleet remained idle in front of Basse-Terre. Moore then transported most of the land forces to Fort Louis before falling back to Prince Rupert's Bay in the Island of Dominica, in order to cover Basse-Terre and the British Leeward Islands from the threat of the newly arrived French squadron. The island of Guadeloupe finally capitulated on May 1.

To do: more details for the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 24
Main deck ???
Crew ???
Length ???
Width ???
Depth ???
Displacement ???

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 6th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.