Salis de Mayenfeld Infanterie

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Origin and History

This Swiss regiment was raised on June 1 1733 in the Canton of Graubünden (Grisons). For this reason, it was also known as "Salis-Grisons".

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served at Metz in 1735, at Douai in 1737 and at Valenciennes in 1738.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment was initially stationed at Strasbourg in 1741. From 1743 to 1744, it defended the entrenchments of Pierre-Longue et Embrun. In 1745, it was stationed at Barcelonnette, in 1746 at Montdauphin, in 1747 in Provence and in 1748 at Vintimiglia.

The regiment counted two battalions and had prévôté (provostship).

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 102nd and was under the command of:

  • since December 6 1744: Salis-Mayenfeld
  • from April 12 1762: Salis-Marschlins

Service during the War

On April 3 1757, one battalion of the regiment was assigned to the Corps of six battalions blockading the Duchy of Gueldre, it occupied Stralen and Walbeck. From April 27 to June 17, the regiment was part of the reserve under the Prince de Soubise. On July 26, at the Battle of Hastenbeck, the regiment formed a brigade with Reding Infanterie. This brigade was part of the reserve of the right wing. It covered the edge of the woods to support the attack of the Champagne Brigade on a strong redoubt at the outskirt of a forest. After the Convention of Kloster-Zeven on September 8, the regiment followed the main body, led by the Maréchal de Richelieu, who encamped at Halberstadt in Prussian territory from September 28 to November 5. The regiment was placed in the centre of the second line. At a certain time, it was transferred to the Army of Saxony led by Soubise. On November 5, under the Comte de Lorges, it took part in the disastrous Battle of Rossbach where it was placed in the second line of the centre. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in the second line of the French army at Bad Münder and Hessisch Oldendorf.

At the end of January 1758, the regiment was assigned to the army that Louis XV planned to send to Bohemia for joint operations with the Austrian Army. In March, during the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany led by Ferdinand of Brunswick, the regiment was part of the French garrison of Minden which was attacked by an Allied corps led by General Kilmansegg. On March 15, the garrison of Minden surrendered without opposing any serious resistance. The regiment was later exchanged. By July, it had joined Soubise's Army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse.

On October 16 1760, the regiment arrived in Neuss to reinforce Castries' Corps. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Giessen.

To do: campaigns of 1761 and 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details as per
Etat militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Abrégé du dictionnaire militaire 1759 and Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère 1757

completed where necessary with information from C. Pajol's book and L. Mouillard's uniform plates
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers

Neck stock probably black
Coat red lined blue with 12 white buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the right side and 12 blue trimmed buttonholes on the left side
Collar blue
Shoulder Straps blue fastened with a white button (as per Mouillard)
Lapels none
Pockets double vertical pockets, each single pocket had 4 white buttons and 4 blue buttonholes
Cuffs blue, each with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat red with two rows of 12 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Breeches red
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Colonel colour: white field with a white cross.

Ordonnance colours:

  • under Salis de Mayenfeld: white cross; each canton consisted of 7 flames: green, yellow, red, white, red, yellow, green.
  • under Salis-Marschlins: white cross with a white scroll in the horizontal branch carrying the motto "Primce Virtutes Premium"; each canton consisted of 7 flames: green, yellow, red, white, red, yellow, green.
Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Salis de Mayenfeld Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Salis-Marschlins Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Bunel, Arnaud: Vexillologie militaire européenne] - Régiment de Vigier (Suisse)

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 202

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar