Saltykov, Count Piotr Semionovitch
Saltykov, count Piotr Semionovich
Commander in chief of the Russian Army (1759-1760)
born in 1700
died December 15 1772
Saltykov was remotely related to tsarina Anna Ivanovna.
In 1714, on Peter the Great's instructions, Saltykov undertook naval training in France where he spent most of his life until 1733.
In 1733, Saltykov was granted the hereditary title of count and promoted lieutenant-general.
In 1759, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army. On July 23, he defeated the Prussian general Wedel at the battle of Paltzig. A few weeks later, on August 12, assisted by an Austrian corps under Loudon he won the bloody battle of Kunersdorf against Frederick II. On August 18, Saltykov was promoted fieldmarshal
On May 15 1763, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-Chief of Moscow. He exercised this function until November 13 1771 when he was dismissed from office by Catherine II because he had fled Moscow during an epidemic of plague to take refuge in his domain of Marfino. During his absence a serious riot had taken place in the city on September 16.
Saltykov died on December 15 1772.
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