Savolax Infantry

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Contents

Origin and History

The regiment was created in 1626 as the Savolax and Myslotts land regiment. It became an Indelta regiment in 1695.

In 1634, a government regulation ranked the Savolax Regiment 14th among the infantry regiments.

During the Great Northern War, the regiment first garrisoned Riga. In 1710, it was captured at Neumündes.

When Sweden lost the region of Myslott at the peace of 1742, the regiment was reduced from 1,035 men to 954 men.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, this Finnish regiment counted about 954 men and consisted of 6 companies. Each company had 161 men: 150 troopers and 11 officers, NCOs and musicians.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • 1757: ???

Service during the War

The regiment was not involved in the conflict and remained in Scandinavia.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform in 1756 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeerblack tricorne laced white with a tin button on the left side
GrenadierPrussian style mitre with a blue bag (because of the great similarity of the Prussian and Swedish grenadiers, in the field the mitre was covered with a black wax cloth)
Neckstockblack
Coatdark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 2 tin buttons at small of the back
Collarsaffron yellow
Shoulder Strapson the left shoulder with one tin button
Lapelsnone
Pocketson each side with 3 tin buttons each
Cuffssaffron yellow
Turnbackssaffron yellow
Waistcoatyellow
Breechesyellow
Gaiterswhite stockings with brown leather strap at knee
Leather Equipment
Crossbeltbroad white leather shoulder-strap
Waistbeltwhite with brass buckle
Cartridge Boxblack
Bayonet Scabbardnone
Scabbardblack with brass fittings
Footgearblack shoes with brass buckles


Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.

Other interpretations

Schirmer as well as Pengel and Hurt mention white trimmed buttonholes.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • a silver lace on the tricorne
  • brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)

NCOs carried halberds but no cane.

Officers

Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:

  • a gold lace on the tricorne
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • a silver gorget
  • brass buttons
  • blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)

N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash

Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.

Musicians

The uniform of the drummers were usually yellow with the addition of plain white swallows nest on each shoulder. There were no other lace on the sleeves, etc.

The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).

Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton carried a golden bow and arrow.

N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.

Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): yellow field with 8 black flames; centre device consisting of a golden bow and arrow on a black field; the whole surrounded by a green laurel wreath tied with a gold ribbon.

Liffana - Source: rf-figuren from a template by User:Hannoverdidi
Liffana - Source: rf-figuren from a template by User:Hannoverdidi
Kompanifana - Source: rf-figuren from a template by User:Hannoverdidi
Kompanifana - Source: rf-figuren from a template by User:Hannoverdidi

The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.

References

Brolin, Gunnar, 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part II, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 6

Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Högman, Hans, Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt; Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Purky, Jim, Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Säwe, Teofron Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915

Schirmer, Friedrich, Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Schorr, Dan, Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980

Schorr, Dan, Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979

Virtual Finland

Wilson, Peter, The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

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