Saxon Wietersheim Fusiliers

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Saxon Wietersheim Fusiliers

Origin and History

On October 15 1756, when the Saxon Army surrendered to Frederick II near Pirna, the Saxon infantry was forcefully incorporated into the Prussian Army, former Rochow Fusiliers thus becoming Infanterie-Regiment (Nr. 50) Wietersheim established in Halle.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since October 15 1756 till July 30 1757: Major-General L. F. L. von Wietersheim

Service during the War

In October 1756, the regiment was assigned to the garrison of Halle.

For the campaign of 1757, the regiment accompanied Frederick's Army for the invasion of Bohemia. On July 30, Frederick disbanded this Saxon regiment and distributed the remaining men among his other regiments (IR7, IR29, IR35, IR36 and IR41).

N.B.: the grenadiers from the wing grenadier companies were put together with the grenadiers of Flemming Fusiliers, forming the S-50/S-58 Bähr Grenadier Battalion (please refer to this article for the details of the service of the grenadiers during the war).

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Dal
Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne laced white with white pompoms and a small white button
Grenadier mitre with polished brass front plate (even though the regiment had white as metal colour); light straw headband with a white braid and polished brass ornaments, light straw backing with a similar braid, white pompom
Neckstock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red, 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the chest and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets edged in red, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs light straw (in the Swedish pattern) with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat pale straw
Breeches pale straw
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a sabre with a curved blade.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne laced silver with black and white quartered pompom and black within white tassels
  • no shoulder straps
  • silver laced cuffs
  • yellowish leather gloves
  • black and white sabre tassel

NCOs were armed with a sabre and a half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.) in the fusilier companies and 13 Rhenish feet (4.10 m.) in the grenadier companies (carried by the 3 most senior NCOs while other grenadier NCOs were armed with rifled muskets since 1744).

NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following differences:

  • black tricorne laced with a wide silver braid with a black cockade fastened with a silver clip; black within silver tassels
  • no shoulder strap
  • no turnbacks

Officers carried spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Colonel Colour (Leibfahne): White field with green corner flames. Centre device consisting of a red medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a white scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.

Regimental Colours (Kompaniefahnen): Red field with green corner flames. Centre device consisting of a white medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a red scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.

Colonel Colour - Source: rf-figuren from elements by Hannoverdidi
Regimental Colour - Source: rf-figuren from elements by Hannoverdidi

References

Gavan, Dal: Colours of the Saxon regiments in the Prussian service

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, p. 125

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.