Schwarze Brigade

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Schwarze Brigade

Origin and History

Uniforms in 1762 - Source: Richard Knötel

The unit was raised on December 23 1761 in Lübeck and Hamburg by Favrat. By the Summer of 1762, it already counted one battalion. However, the unit had been raised without Frederick's authorisation and had to be disbanded.

During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the regiment was:

  • from December 1761 to 1762: Favrat


Uniform

Uniforms of the Hussars

Troopers

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black mirliton with a black wing; white plume; yellow cords with white knots and blue tassels
Neck stock black
Pelisse black
Fur trim white
Lace red cords and laces
Buttons yellow
Dolman yellow with red cords and yellow buttons
Collar none
Cuffs no information available
Cloak no information available
Trousers buff leather with black edged red "Schalavary"
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waist-sash red
Scabbard black decorated with white metal
Boots black Hungarian boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth black with a yellow scalloped lace edged red
Sabretache no information available


Troopers were probably armed with a short curved sabre, two pistols and a carbine.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following differences:

  • black and white cords and tassels on the mirliton
  • more elaborate laces on the pelisse

Officers

Officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following differences:

  • no cord, knot or tassel on the mirliton
  • golden gords and laces on the pelisse and dolman
  • silver and black waist-sash

Musicians

no information available yet

Uniforms of the dragoons

Privates

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Dal
Uniform Details
Headgear black unlaced tricorne with a yellow button with red pompoms
Neck stock black
Coat black lined red with 7 yellow buttons arranged 1-2-2-2 on both sides, the topmost button decorated with a red tab and the others with yellow laced button loops and yellow tassels; 2 yellow laced button loops with tassels on both side at the waist; 1 yellow laced button loop with a tassel on both side at the small of the back; and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar red (none as per Knötel and Bleckwenn)
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets no information available
Cuffs red Hungarian-style cuffs, each with 1 yellow button with a yellow button loop and a yellow tassel
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw yellow with yellow buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box no information available
Bayonet Scabbard no information available
Scabbard brown
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth no information available
Housings no information available
Blanket roll no information available


Troopers were probably armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • tricorne laced gold with a black and white quartered pompom and smaller black within white pompoms in the lateral cornes
  • cuffs edged gold

Officers

Officers wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • black tricorne scalloped gold with a black cockade fastened with a golden strap and a golden button; small black within silver pompoms in the lateral cornes
  • golden aiguillette
  • golden button loops with tassels
  • coat with horizontal pockets piped gold, each with 2 golden buttons
  • no turnbacks

They carried an officer stick.

Musicians

no information available yet

Uniforms of the Grenadiers

Privates

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear mitre with yellow metal front plate; yellow metal headband, black backing piped red, red pompom
Neckstock black
Coat black lined red, 2 yellow buttons on the right side under the lapel; 2 yellow button loops with tassels on each side under the lapels; 1 yellow button loop with a tassel on each side at the small of the back; and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels red, each with 6 yellow buttons and 6 yellow button loops with tassels arranged 2-2-2
Pockets none
Cuffs red (in the Hungarian pattern), each with 1 yellow button and 1 yellow button loop with a tassel
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw yellow with yellow buttons with 1 row of yellow buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Pouch black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • black and white quartered pompom on the mitre
  • cuffs edged gold

Officers

Officers wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • black tricorne scalloped gold with a black cockade fastened with a golden strap and a golden button; small black within silver pompoms in the lateral cornes
  • golden aiguillette
  • golden button loops with tassels
  • coat with horizontal pockets piped gold, each with 2 golden buttons and 2 golden button loops with tassels
  • no turnbacks

Musicians

no information available yet

Uniforms of the Jägers

Privates

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black unlaced tricorne with a small yellow button
Neckstock black
Coat black lined green, 2 yellow buttons on the right side under the lapel; 2 yellow button loops with tassels on each side under the lapels; 1 yellow button loop with a tassel on each side at the small of the back; and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar none
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels green, each with 6 yellow buttons and 6 yellow button loops with tassels arranged 2-2-2
Pockets none
Cuffs green (in the Hungarian pattern), each with 1 yellow button and 1 yellow button loop with a tassel
Turnbacks green
Waistcoat green
Breeches green
Gaiters not applicable
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black (white as per Knötel)
Waistbelt black (white as per Knötel)
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black boots


Privates were probably armed with a rifle and a curved blade sabres.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • tricorne laced gold
  • cuffs edged gold

Officers

Officers wore the same uniform as the private with the following differences:

  • black tricorne scalloped gold with a black cockade fastened with a golden strap and a golden button; small black within silver pompoms in the lateral cornes
  • golden aiguillette
  • golden button loops with tassels
  • coat with horizontal pockets piped gold, each with 2 golden buttons and 2 golden button loops with tassels
  • no turnbacks

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

None of the Freikorps units carried official colours, standards or guidons to the exception of von Kleist Frei Korps.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans (Hrsg.): Das Altpreussische Heer - Erscheinungsbild und Wesen 1713-1807, Teil III: Übersichten altpreußischer Uniformgestaltung, Band 5: Die Uniformen der preußischen Technischen Truppen, Rückwärtigen Dienste und Kriegsformationen 1753-1786, Osnabrück 1984

Cremer, Peter: Die Preussischen Freikorps im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Auflistung der Freikorps, ihrer Einsätze, der Uniformen, der Chefs und deren Geschichte, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Funcken, L. and F.; Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin 1901, Anlage 1-2

Knötel, R.; Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, vol. V plate 7, Rathenow 1890-1921

Acknowledgments

Michael Zahn for the information provided for the creation of the initial version of this article.