Spanish Line Cavalry Uniform
Hat and Fatigue Cap
The Spanish line cavalry regiments wore tricornes in the Infantry style. Unlike the Infantry model itself, the average line cavalry had his tricorne lined in silver or gold, rather than silver or gold colored thread.
Also unlike the Infantry, as far as can be told, the cavalry wore only red cockades, regardless of the origins of the regiment.
Horse grenadiers (at least in the royal guard cavalry) would have worn a bearskin cap, similar to the infantry model, but better decorated and shorter than the infantry model.
Coat, Waistcoat, Breeches
Coats worn by the line cavalry came in three colors, depending on the regiment: red, blue, or white. white was the most common color worn by line cavalry regiments, while blue was for certain regiments, and red was exclusively for the Reina regiment. All coats were with the same cut, with wide cuffs, no turnback, and buttons with which to fasten the basques of the coat. Collars were common, either in white, or the same color as the cuffs. the buttons on the coat pockets came in many forms. The coats could be lapelled, have buttons on the left, the right, or arranged in 2's.
Waistcoats came in a variety of cuts, with some regiments having single breasted button arrangements or buttons arranged in two's. Otherwise, they came in the same color as the cuffs on the coat itself.
Breeches were generally colored the same as the waistcoat, except in the regiments with blue coats, in which case it can match the waistcoat's color, or the coat's color.
Lace was unknown in most regiments, with the exception of the household troopers.
Boots, Gaiters, Shoes
All line cavalry wore knee-length cavalry boots.
Armament and Leather Equipment
As far as can be told, every trooper was equipped with a sword, pistols, and perhaps a carbine. The sword was suspended from a waistbelt worn around the waistcoat by 1759. the pistols were housed in the sabretaches on the horse.
All leather equipment was natural leather, save the household cavalry.
Horse, saddlery and harnessing
The horse were often decorated in harnesses in the regimental colors, which mean the color of the cuffs and of the buttons. Most saddlecloths were in the color of the cuffs, lined on the edges with either gold or silver lace (depending on the button color on the coat of the trooper). The reins were also decorated in the regiments colors, mostly with alternating patterns between the color of the saddlecloth and the saddlecloth's lacing.
The mane of the horse was also decorated with curious tassels of the regiment's color (e.g, blue and silver for Montesa).
The sabretaches were rounded, and decorated in the manner of the saddlecloths.
Peculiarites of Drummers and Trumpeters
Little is known about the colors of the drummer and trumpeter's uniforms, but it is most likely, based on some of the regiments (e.g Milan Cavalry), that the musicians in most of the regiments wore the coats in reversed color (e.g Reina had a red coat faced in blue, then the musicians had blue coats faced red). The known exceptions were with the household cavalry.
Peculiarites of Non Commissioned Officers
No information vailable yet.
Peculiarites of Officers
No information vailable yet.
Album de Taccoli, 1759
Clonard, conde de, Álbum de la Caballeria española
Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.