Spanish Line Infantry Organisation

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Introduction

In 1760, king Charles III of Spain, who had recently acceded to the throne, reorganised his army. He wanted to re-establish it at its formal strength (before the last reform of Ferdinand VI). The organisation described in this article applied to the Spanish, Irish, Italian and Walloon line infantry regiments.

N.B.: Household Infantry (Guardias), artillery, Swiss line infantry and the fijos de presidios units had their own organisation which differs from the standard organisation described in this article. Another article describes the organisation of the Swiss line infantry in 1755.

Organisation of a line infantry regiment

Each regiment consisted of 2 battalions:

  • 1st battalion, consisting of:
    • battalion staff, consisting of:
      • 1 colonel
      • 1 sargento mayor (sergeant-major) third chief of the regiment, ranking as a lieutenant-colonel
      • 1 ayudante mayor (adjutant-major) charged of administrative work, ranking as a captain
      • 2 alférezes or sub-lieutenants of Vandera (colours)
      • 1 chaplain
      • 1 surgeon
      • 1 corporal of sappers
      • 6 sappers
      • 1 master armourer
      • 1 tambour-major
      • 2 fifers
    • 8 fusilier companies, each consisting of:
      • 1 captain
      • 1 lieutenant
      • 1 sub-lieutenant
      • 1 first class sergeant
      • 2 second class sergeants
      • 2 drummers
      • 4 first corporals
      • 4 second corporals
      • 64 fusiliers
    • 1 grenadier company, consisting of:
      • 1 captain
      • 1 lieutenant
      • 1 sub-lieutenant
      • 1 first class sergeant
      • 1 second class sergeant
      • 1 drummer
      • 3 first corporals
      • 3 second corporals
      • 54 grenadiers
  • 2nd battalion, consisting of:
    • battalion staff, consisting of:
      • 1 lieutenant-colonel
      • 1 ayudante mayor (adjutant-major) charged of administrative work, ranking as a captain
      • 2 alférezes or sub-lieutenants of Vandera (colours)
      • 1 chaplain
      • 1 surgeon
      • 1 corporal of sappers
      • 6 sappers
      • 1 master armourer
      • 2 fifers
    • 8 fusilier companies organised similar to those of the 1st battalion
    • 1 grenadier company organised similar to those of the 1st battalion

References

Carlo III, Royal Ordonnance on the reorganisation of the Spanish army, 1760

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.