Spanish Navy

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Spanish Navy

Introduction

In 1751, the Spanish navy consisted of 18 ships of the line and 15 frigates and other vessels. In 1760, it had been significantly reinforced and counted 40 ships of the line and 10 frigates. The rearmament continued and one year later, in 1761, this total had been brought up to 49 ships of the line, 21 frigates and 16 other vessels.

In 1763, after the war where it had lost several ships of the line, Spain could still align 37 ships of the line and 30 frigates.

Throughout the war, Spain was the only power with developed naval dockyards overseas. The dockyards at Havana in Cuba being a good example.

Personnel

Naval Medical Services

Marines

Cuerpo de Batallones de Marina (8 battalions since 1753)

Marine Artillery

There were 8 brigades of Marine Artillery totaling some 1,000 gunners.

Ships of the Line

First Rate

none

Second Rate

Rayo (80)
Real Fénix (80)

Third Rate

África (70)

África (74)
Aquiles (74)
Aquilón (74)
Arrogante (74)
Atlante (74)
Brillante (68) (or 74?)
Conquistador (74)
Contento (70)
Dichoso (74)
Diligente (74)
Eólo (68)
Firme (74)

Galicia (74)

Gallardo (74)
Glorioso (74) (also known as San Francisco Javier)
Guerrero (74) (built in 1755 and still afloat in 1833)
Héctor (74)
Hercules (70)
Infante (74)
Magnánimo (74)
Monarca (74)
Neptuno (74)
Oriente (74)
Poderoso (70)
Princesa (74)

Príncipe (74)

Reina (70)
San Felipe (70)
Septentrión (74)
Serio (74)
Soberano (74)
Soberbio (74)
Terrible (74)
Tigre (70)
Tridente (70)
Triunfante (74)
Vencedor (74)
Victorioso (70)

Fourth Rate

América (60)

Asia (64)
Astuto (64)
Bizarro (50)
Buen Consejo (60)
Carmen (60) (seaworthy?)

Castilla (64)

Dragón (60)
El Fuerte (60)
España (64)
Europa (64)

Peruano (58)

San Antonio (64)
San Fernando (62)
San Jenaro (60)
Septentrión (60)

Frigates

Águila (26)

Astrea (36)
Aurora (28)
Dorada (22)
Esmeralda (22)
Fénix (22) (also known as the Santa Bárbara, lost at Havana in 1762)
Flecha (22)
Flora (24) (also known as the Santa Rosalía, lost at Havana)

Hermiona (32) (armed with small-bore guns, most likely a merchant frigate, captured by the British off Cape San Vicente on May 31 1762, laden with gold and silver)

Hermiona (24/26)
Industria (40)
Juno (also known as the Santa Cecilia)
Júpiter (22)
La Galga (30)
Liebre (34) (also known as the Santa Cristina)
Palas (26) (also known as the Santa Yrene)

Pena (26)

Perla (22)(lost in 1762)
Santa Bárbara (24) (also known as the Estrella, built in 1737, may have taken part to the war)
Soledad (30)
Tetis (22) (also known as the Guadalupe, lost in 1762)
Venganza (lost in 1762)
Venturera (26) (or Aventurera, lost in 1762)
Venus (30) (also known as the Santa Brígida)
Victoria (30) (lost in 1763)
Volante (??)

Corvettes

n/a

Brigs

n/a

Bomb Ketches

n/a

Transports

n/a

References

Blasco, Manuel, 3 Decks

Todo a Babor

Acknowledgments

Juan