Spanish Royal Artillery

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Spanish Royal Artillery

Origin and History

The Regiment was created on May 2 1710 by the Real Ordenanza para la Dirección y Servicio de la Artillería; creación de un Regimiento, sueldos, fuero preeminencias, grados y proporciones de empleos (Royal Ordinance for the Direction and Service of the Artillery; creation of a Regiment etc.).

This regiment included all field and fortress artillery units in Spain and in the colonies to the exception of the troops manning the coastal batteries. There was no standardisation of models and calibres for the artillery pieces. A reform had been attempted in 1756 by the count of Aranda but it met with so much resistance that Aranra resigned in 1758.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with a red cockade fastened with a yellow button
Grenadier n/a
Neckstock white
Coat dark blue with small yellow buttons on the right side and with a small yellow button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal with small yellow buttons
Cuffs red with 3 yellow buttons
Turnbacks red probably with blue “heart-shaped” fastener
Waistcoat red with yellow buttons
Breeches dark blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

Officers

The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:

  • gold for the colonel
  • silver for the lieutenant-colonel
  • silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
  • ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
  • wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants

Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthermore, their officer stick had no handle.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

A bandera coronela (King's Colour) and eight sencillas (battalion colours) were granted, for the three initial battalions. The 1st battalion had one coronela and two sencillas; the other two battalions, three sencillas each.

The initial coronela of the regiment was white as those of the infantry but with some additional elements characterizing artillery. A new coronela was issued in 1749 and remained in use until 1806/1814.

Coronela: White field with the coat of arms of Ferdinand VI in its center, flanked by golden lion supporters; the whole was surrounded by trophies of arms.

Sencilla: Blue field with a red Burgundian cross; corner devices consisting of a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (the small royal crest surrounded by flags and cannons) surmounted by a golden crown. Some sources mention that a white scroll with the motto "REAL ARTILLERIA" was added at a subsequent date.

for the Coronela colour, see La Oreja de Jenkins - Bandera Coronela de Artilleria en 1710 where there is a reconstruction of this colour.
Sencilla (ordonnance) Colour - Source: Richard Couture based on info provided by Volker Scholz

References

Album de Taccoli, 1759

O'Hara, Danny: The Forces of King Charles III, Seven Years War Association Journal, Vol. XII No. 3

Sanchez-Galarraga, Jorge: Luis de Velasco - Siege of Havana, 1762, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 2

Wise, Terence and Guido Rosignoli: Military Flags of the World 1618-1900, Blandford Press Ltd. 1977

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda as well as Volker Scholz for the information and counseling provided for this article.