Stabsdragoner

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Stabsdragoner

Origin and History

This regiment of dragoons was created by FML Count Lacy in 1758. Its main role was to guard the headquarters and to escort baggage.

Exceptionally, the regiment counted only 4 squadrons for a total of 13 officers and 452 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment inhaber (owner) was:

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since its creation in 1758: Lieutenant-Colonel Pantasch (promoted colonel in 1760)
  • in 1760: Lieutenant-Colonel Friedrich Baron von Zeschwitz
  • in 1761: Major Carl Baron von Enzenberg

The regiment was disbanded in 1763.

N.B.: the regiment was re-raised in 1778 for the War of the Bavarian Succession; and again for the French Revolutionary Wars.

Service during the War

On October 19 1759, a squadron of the regiment distinguished itself when it dislodged a Prussian outpost near Belgern. On November 20, the regiment took part in the Battle of Maxen where it was deployed in the first cavalry column of Sincère's Corps under the command of Lieutenant-General count Schallenberg while part of a company was attached to Major-General Baron Seckendorf's detachment occupying the heights of Malter near Dippoldiswalde. On November 7, a detachment of the regiment under Lieutenant Richter, who was dismantling the bridge of Leissnig, was attacked by Prussian hussars. The detachment repulsed the attack and took 15 men prisoners.

On July 19 1760, the regiment attacked the entrenchments of Weissenhirsch near Dresden and captured a position defended by 200 men with two guns. On September 17, it took part in the Combat of Hochgiersdorf where, along with Szechényi Hussars, it held its position on the heights of Bogendorf long enough for Ried's infantry to march to Zedlitz. On October 19, a detachment of the regiment was attacked near Düben on the Mulde and suffered some losses. On November 3, the regiment was present at the Battle of Torgau where it formed part of Ried's Corps.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1762 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
as per the Albertina Handschrift of 1762

completed with other sources where necessary
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small yellow button
Grenadier not applicable
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue with 11 yellow buttons on the right side and 2 small yellow buttons near the collar (one on each side) fastened by a red band
Collar none
Shoulder strap left shoulder: red fastened with a white button
right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets each with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs red without buttons
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat dark blue with one row of small yellow buttons and horizontal pockets (each with 3 yellow buttons)
N.B.: white as per Graeffer
Breeches red (white as per Graeffer)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots (it has been suggested that troopers were furnished with grey gaiters for dismounted headquarters service)
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red laced with a wide white braid bordered with thin blue braids and decorated with blue rhombuses (according to the illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Housings red laced with a wide white braid bordered with thin blue braids and decorated with blue rhombuses (according to the illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)
Blanket roll red and blue (according to the illustration of the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762)


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

Other interpretations

Raspe shows a red aiguillette.

The Bautzener Bilderhandschrift shows a yellow laced tricorne, a red collar and buff breeches.

Brauer's plate shows a white strap on the left shoulder and buff breeches.

Donath's plate shows a yellow laced tricorne, a blue shoulder strap on the left shoulder, and buff breeches.

Officers

The officers (according to the Bautzener Bilderhandschrift of 1762) wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • tricorne laced gold with a green and white cockade
  • gold aiguillette on the right shoulder
  • pink saddlecloth and housings both laced and fringed in gold

Musicians

Drummers of the regiments of dragoons usually wore the same uniform as the troopers heavily laced with yellow and black braids or a uniform with inverted colours.

Colours

Leibstandarte: White and heavily embroidered

  • one side with the Blessed Virgin
  • other side with the double eagle
Colonel Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert


Ordinair-standarte: Swallow tailed with gold fringes and gold embroideries

  • obverse: Dark blue field pennant, central device consisting of Empress Maria-Theresa monogram with crown
  • reverse: White field pennant, central device consisting of imperial eagle bearing the red-white-red shield on its breast and the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece
Regimental Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Brauer, H.M.: Uniformbogen and Fahnentafeln, plate 95

Donath, Rudolf: Die Kaiserliche und Kaiserlich-Königliche Österreichische Armee 1618-1918, 2. Aufl., Simbach/Inn 1979, Teil III Blatt 2

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Graeffer, August: Geschichte des k.k. militaerischen Marie Theresie Ordens seit desselben Stiftung, Regensburg 1796, pp. 233-235

Grosser Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Hiller, Berlin, 1830-1913

Kornauth, Friedrich: Das Heer Maria Theresias: Faksimile-Ausgabe der Albertina-Handschrift, "Dessins des Uniformes des Troupes I.I. et R.R. de l'année 1762", Wien: 1973

Raspe: Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlichen KAYSERLICH KOENIGLICHEN ARMEEN zur eigentlichen Kentnis der UNIFORM von jedem Regimente. Nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke, und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird., Nürnberg: 1762

Thadden, Franz-Lorenz v.: Die theresianische Kavallerie - II. Teil, Die Zinnfigur, Klio, 1968

Thümmler, L.-H.: Die Österreichiches Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Die Bautzener Bilderhandschrift aus dem Jahre 1762, Berlin 1993

Wrede, Alphons Freiherr v.: Geschichte der K. und K. Wehrmacht. Die Regimenter, Corps, Branchen und Anstalten von 1618 bis Ende des XIX. Jahrhunderts, vol. III, Vienna: 1898, p. 938

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.