Svyatoy Dmitriy Rostovskiy (100)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy >> Svyatoy Dmitriy Rostovskiy (100)

Origin and History

In October 1755, since the "Imperatritsa Anna" had shown better performance than the Zakhariy i Elizavet, the Admiralty decided to build a new 100-gun ship, the Svyatoy Dmitriy Rostovskiy using her proportions.

The ship was built by A. Sutherland (А. Сютерланд) at the Admiralty shipyard in St. Petersburg. Her keel was laid down on April 22 1756 (April 11 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). She was launched on June 23 1758 (June 12 O.S.). She was attached to the Fleet of the Baltic Sea.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • from 1759 to 1761: Captain S.Vaxel (С. Ваксель)
  • in 1762: Captain T. Makenzi (Т. Макензи)

The ship was broken up in 1772.

Service during the War

On August 5 1760 (July 25 O.S.), the ship left Kronshtadt with troops aboard. She carried the flag of Admiral Z. D. Mishukov (З. Д. Мишуков) and led the squadron. On August 26 (August 15 O.S.), the fleet arrived in front of Colberg, landed the troops destined to the Siege of Colberg and blockaded the fortress. On September 21 (September 10 O.S.), the ship re-embarked troops and left Colberg. On October 9 (September 28 O.S.) she arrived at Kronshtadt.

On June 24 1761 (June 13 O.S.), the ship left Kronshtadt with troops aboard, leading the squadron destined to the renewed Siege of Colberg. From July 30 to August 22 (July 19 to August 11 O.S.) ships of the squadron landed troops on Cape Rügenwalde. On August 24 (August 13 O.S.), the fleet arrived in front of Colberg. On September 2 (August 22 O.S.), the ships landed part of their crews (including 150 men from the present ship) to reinforce the land army. On October 2 (September 22 O.S.), the ship re-embarked her landed troops and left Colberg. On November 2 (October 22 O.S.), she came back to Kronshtadt.

In 1762, the ship remained in Kronshtadt and did not take part in any action..

Characteristics

Plan of the Svyatoy Dmitriy Rostovskiy – Source: Central Archive of the Russian Navy
Technical specifications
Guns 100
1st gun deck 28 x 30-pdrs (Russian pounds)
2nd gun deck 28 x 18-pdrs (Russian pounds)
3rd gun deck 30 x 8-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 14 x 6-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Crew no information found yet
Length at gun deck 55.14 m (180' 11”)
Width 15.09 m (49' 6”)
Depth in Hold 6.63 m (21' 9”)
Displacement no information found yet


References

Main Sources

Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904

Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872

Other Sources

Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian sailing fleet, Vol. 1, 1997

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 years of sailing fleet)

http://www.navy.su/

Acknowledgement

Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article