Svyatoy Sergiy (32)
Origin and History
The frigate was built by I. V. James (И. В. Ямес) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. The keel was laid down on July 29, 1760 (July 18 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). The ship was built, like the Svyatoy Mikhail (32), 1' 6" wider (and hence slower) than most Russian frigates to make it easier to pass a shallow bank in the harbour of Arkhangelsk. The frigate was launched on May 28, 1761 (May 17 O.S.). However, she remained unnamed until the end of the war even though she was in active service during the campaign of 1762. The ship finally received her name on June 20, 1763 (June 9 O.S.).
During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:
- in 1761 and 1762: Captain S. Volotskoy (С. Волоцкой)
The frigate was broken up in Kronshtadt in 1771.
Service during the War
On July 13 1761 (July 2 O.S.), the frigate left Archangelsk starting her journey to the Baltic Sea. On September 25 (September 14 O.S.), she arrived at Copenhagen. On the way, 11 men had been lost and the mizzen-mast damaged. The ship had to stay in Copenhagen for the winter.
On May 1762, the frigate resumed her journey and finally arrived in Revel. From June to August, the frigate was part of the squadron, under the command of Counter-Admiral G. A. Spiridov (Г. А. Спиридов), who sailed to Colberg and then cruised near the Prussian coasts.
The design of most Russian frigates of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.
|Length at keel||28.80 m (94' 6")|
|Length at gun deck||35.97 m (118')|
|Width||10.06 m (33')|
|Depth in Hold||4.27 m (14')|
|Displacement||no information found yet|
Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904
Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872
Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian Sailing Fleet, Vol.1, 1997
Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 Years of Sailing Fleet)
Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article