Svyatoy Sergiy (66)
Origin and History
The ship was built by P. G. Kachalov (П.Г. Качалов) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. The keel was laid down on September 1 1746 (August 21 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). She was launched on September 6 1747 (August 26 O.S.). She was attached to the Fleet of the Baltic Sea.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in 1757: Captain N. Molchanov (Н. Молчанов)
- in 1758: Captain I. I. Senyavin (И.И. Сенявин)
- in 1759: Captain M. Zhidovinov (М. Жидовинов)
- in 1760: Captain E. N. Iretskiy (Е.Н. Ирецкий)
The ship was broken up in 1763 in Kronshtadt.
Service during the War
On June 11 1757 (May 31 O.S.), the ship, as part of a squadron under Admiral Z. D. Mishukov (З.Д. Мишуков) sailed from Kronshtadt to blockade the Prussian coasts. From July 14 (July 3 O.S.), she was part of a squadron who cruised near Pillau to observe enemy ships. On July 30 (July 19 O.S.), she joined the main fleet at Danzig. On August 19 (August 8 O.S.), she left Danzig with the squadron sailing to Sweden and on September 28 (September 17 O.S.) finally arrived at Kronshtadt.
On July 13 1758 (July 2 O.S.), the ship sailed from Kronshtadt with a squadron destined to cruise in the Baltic. From July 20 (July 9 O.S.) to September 8 (August 28 O.S.), she was part of the Russo-Swedish fleet who cruised at the entry of the Baltic between Danish Zealand and the Swedish coast to prevent any intervention of the British Navy. On September 8 (August 28 O.S.), she sailed to Kronshtadt with this squadron.
From July to September 1759, the ship was part of a squadron who transported troops from Kronshtadt to Danzig.
On August 5 1760 (July 25 O.S.), the ship with troops aboard sailed from Kronshtadt as part of a squadron. On August 26 (August 15 O.S.), this squadron arrived at Colberg, landed the troops and blockaded the fortress. On September 21 (September 10 O.S.), the ship re-embarked troops and left Colberg, towing a galiot. On October 9 (September 28 O.S.), she arrived at Kronshtadt.
From 1761, the ship was out of active service.
The design of most Russian ships of the line of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.
|Crew||no information found|
|Length at gun deck||47.40 m (155' 6”)|
|Width||12.65 m (41' 6”)|
|Depth in Hold||5.48 m (18'0”)|
|Displacement||approx. 1,200 metric tons|
Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904
Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872
Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian Sailing Fleet, Vol. 1
Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 Years of Sailing Fleet)
Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article