Swedish Dragoons Organisation

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Swedish Dragoons Organisation

Introduction

The organisation of the Swedish army at the beginning of the Seven Years' War dated back to the reign of king Karl XI at the end of the XVIIth century. It was based on a system known as “Indelningsverk” where the “Indelta” units formed the greater part of the army. During peacetime only the foot guards and a few other regiments were maintained through recruitment. These regiments, along with the artillery, assumed garrison duty in various places and in the provinces on the other shore of the Baltic.

Since ancient times, the Swedish cavalry was formed by the tax-free nobility which assumed “Noble Horse Service”. However, by mid-XVIIIth century, this source of recruitment could hardly be considered. The Guard cavalry included the Adelsfanan regiment which was prohibited to serve outside the territories of Sweden and Finland.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the entire cavalry (line cavalry, dragoons, Adelsfanan) totalled 10,146 men.

Composition and Organisation

In 1756, there was one Swedish regiment of dragoons counting 8 companies. There were also 2 Finnish regiments of dragoons, each of 8 companies, along with a Finnish squadron of 2½ companies.

Regimental Staff

no information available yet

Organisation of a Company

A company counted 125 men and consisted of:

  • 1 ryttmastare
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 1 ensign
  • 1 quartermaster
  • 3 corporals
  • 1 trumpeter
  • 97 to 117 troopers

Colour-bearers

no information available yet

Drill

Since 1756, a squadron (corresponding to a company) deployed 3 ranks deep.

References

This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Großer Generalstab, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Other sources

Purky, Jim, Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Wilson, Peter, Swedish Politics and Armed Forces in the Seven Years War, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1