Swedish Horse Uniform

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Swedish Horse Uniform

Introduction

The artefacts illustrated in this article depict the uniform of the Upplands Liv Regiment. However, the uniforms of all Swedish horse regiments were very standardized and, besides rare variations in the colour of facings and waistcoats, all regiments had very similar uniforms.

Hat

Tricorne - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum

Black tricorne without lace with a brass button.

Coat, Waistcoat, Breeches

Buckskin Breeches - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum

Black neck stock.

Blue woollen coat with brass buttons. The coat was lined and faced saffron yellow for most regiments. Buttonholes were trimmed in the facing colour. Collar in the facing colour. The cuffs were in the so called “Swedish-style” without button.

Buckskin waistcoat with brass buttons.

Buckskin breeches with brass buttons.

Mantle

The troppers were equipped with a blue mantle lined in the distinctive colour of the regiment with a large collar in the distinctive colour.

Boots

Boots - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum

White knee-cover.

Black leather square toed boots.

Armament

Breastplate - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum

Swedish horse troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine. They could also wear a polished steel breastplate bordered in yellow under their coat but, by the time of the Seven Years' War, this breastplate was rarely worn. The sword was carried in a black scabbard with brass fittings.

Cavalry Sword - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum


Leather Equipment

Natural leather waist-belt with a brass buckle.

Natural leather gloves.

Buckskin cartridge box on a natural leather bandolier.

Gloves - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum
Waist-belt - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum
Cartridge Box - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum
Bandolier for the Cartridge Box - Source: DigitalMuseum and the Swedish Army Museum


Peculiarities of Musicians

Trumpeters wore the standard blue uniform with white or yellow swallow nests at the shoulders as sole distinction.

Brass trumpets with blue hangings embroidered in white or yellow.

Peculiarities of Non Commissioned Officers

Tricorne laced with a thin gold lace.

Peculiarities of Officers

Tricorne laced gold. Blue coat, waistcoat (sometimes saffron yellow) and breeches (sometimes black). No sash. Leather gloves. Saddle cloth bordered in gold.

References

Pengel, R. D.: Swedish Army in Pomerania 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Acknowledgments

Our deep thanks to the Swedish Army Museum for making most photos of its incredible collection available under the Creative Commons 3.0 license