Template:New Russian Cuirassiers Uniform Plates

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Uniform

Since the regiment was converted from a dragoon regiment to a cuirassier regiment in March 1756, just before the war, it seems to have initially retained its dragoon uniforms. The regiment received the regulation cuirassier uniform illustrated in the next section at the beginning of the campaign of 1757. In January 1757, Rumyantsev received orders to train the cavalry and noted that only half the soldiers of the former dragoon regiments wore cuirassier uniforms. However, in the spring of the same year, he reported that all soldiers had now received new uniforms but without breastplates.

Therefore, we illustrate both uniforms here. The regiment also kept its light Russian horses which were ill suited for its new role as heavy cavalry.

Dragoon uniform

During summer, Russian dragoons did not wear coats. These were left in the baggage. This newly converted regiment followed the same practice as long as it wore dragoon uniforms.

Troopers

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert

Summer uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Dragoon black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a copper button
Grenadier until 1759: mitre with a brass front plate embossed with trophies of weapons and standards and carrying in its centre the regimental coat of arms surmounted by the Imperial Eagle, a black leather skull-cap and neck guard with brass reinforcements and decorations, a white wool pompom

from 1759: black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a bronze button

Neckstock black
Coat cornflower blue lined red; with copper buttons and red trimmed buttonholes

N.B.: the coat was not worn during summer

Collar red
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red
Turnbacks red
Gloves buff
Waistcoat chamois leather fastened with hooks and eyes; with cornflower blue collar and cuffs (3 copper buttons on each cuff); horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Breeches chamois leather with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black with a copper plate carrying the regimental arms
Scabbard black leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth cornflower blue without lace
Housings cornflower blue without lace
Blanket roll n/a


Troopers were armed with a short carbine, two pistols and a sabre. Cuirassiers were also supposed to wear a breastplate but this regiment remained an exception until it received its new regulation cuirassier uniforms later during the war.

NCOs

Corporals wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers.

Other NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gold laced collar
  • gold laced cuffs:
    • 1 stripe for Unterfähnrich
    • 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters
    • 3 stripes for sergeant

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • gilt buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black and gold silken sash
  • cornflower blue saddlecloth and housings laced gold carrying the imperial cipher

Musicians

Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • swallow nests at the shoulders

The kettle-drum and the trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.

Cuirassier Uniform

The regiment finally received regulation cuirassier uniforms. Russian cuirassiers had three distinct uniforms:

  • a parade uniform
  • a service uniform
  • a uniform while not on active duty

Our plate depict the service uniform.

The parade uniform was very similar but a leather jerkin (kollet) was worn instead of the coat and waistcoat. While not on active service, the heavy chamois coat made of thick leather was simply replaced by a more comfortable blue coat lined and edged in red with a red collar, red lapels and red cuffs.

Troopers

Service uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne (reinforced with an iron skullcap for combat) laced gold, with a white cockade on the left side fastened with a white strap and a small copper button
Neckstock black
Coat chamois lined and edged in red; fastened with hooks and eyes

N.B.: the coat was probably not worn during summer

Collar chamois laced red
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs chamois laced red
Turnbacks chamois laced red
Gloves buff
Waistcoat sleeved red waistcoat fastened with hooks and eyes
Breeches buff with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black with a copper plate carrying the regimental arms
Scabbard black leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red without lace
Housings red without lace
Blanket roll cornflower blue cape lined red with a red collar


Troopers were armed with a short carbine, two pistols and a sabre. Cuirassiers also wore a blackened iron breastplate decorated with a brass imperial cipher and bordered red. This breastplate was worn over the coat and waistcoat.

The horses of the troopers were mostly black or dark brown.

NCOs

Corporals, armourers, quartermasters and sergeants wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold stripes above the red lace on collar, lapels and cuffs (1 stripe for corporals, 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters, 3 stripes for sergeants)

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers but made of fabric instead of leather and with the following distinctions:

  • golden laced tricorne bordered with golden plumes
  • gold stripes on the red lace of the coat edges, collar, lapels and cuffs (thin 1/3” stripe for subaltern officers and large 3/4” stripe for superior officers)
  • red waistcoat edged with a chamois braid carrying a gold stripe (thin 1/3” stripe for subaltern officers and large 3/4” stripe for superior officers)
  • red breeches
  • black and gold silken sash worn over the breastplate
  • red saddlecloth and housings laced gold (thin 1/2” stripe for subaltern officers, one thin 1/2” stripe and one wide 1” stripe for superior officers) carrying the imperial cipher

Sometimes, for sulbaltern officers, the holster caps were edged with blue lace.

Musicians

Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • swallow nests at the shoulders

The kettle-drum and the trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.