Template:Russian Observation Corps Grenadier Uniform Plates

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Uniform

Russian regiments of grenadiers all wore the same uniforms.

Privates

Uniform in 1757 with black dragoon boots - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Summer uniform in 1757 with black dragoon boots - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer n/a
Grenadier until 1759: mitre with a brass frontplate embossed with a double-eagle surmounted by empress Elizabeth's cipher, a black leather skull-cap and neck guard with brass reinforcements and decorations, a white wool pompon

from 1759: black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a bronze button (however battlefield evidences indicate that mitre caps were still in use August 1759)

Neckstock black
Coat dark green with 9 copper buttons on the right side on the chest and 9 red trimmed buttonholes, and 2 copper buttons (one on each side) in the small of the back

N.B.: During summer campaigns, the coat was not worn, being left with the baggage. Soldiers carried a cornflower blue cape rolled over the shoulder. Since the waistcoat was red, Russian line infantry appeared to be entirely clad in red.

Collar red
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks red, each fastened with a copper button
Waistcoat long sleeved red waistcoat lined green with 9 copper buttons and 9 red trimmed buttonholes, and with 2 en patte d'oie pockets each with 3 copper buttons and 3 red trimmed buttonholes
Breeches red
Gaiters black leather with 10 large copper buttons (white for parade)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt none
Waistbelt red leather
Cartridge Box black covered with a copper plate decorated with a double-eagle surmounted by empress Elizabeth's cipher (worn on the waist belt)
Bayonet Scabbard ???
Scabbard black leather with copper fittings
Footgear black dragoon boots


During winter, line infantry wore knee-length cornflower blue cape.

Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre. The sabre differed from those of the regular line infantry: it had a curved handle and no guard.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers but were distinguished by their gold laces on their tricorne, collar, and cuffs.

Officers

Most officers wore gold laced tricorne (gold/black pompons) but some officers wore a mitre.

The gorget worn by the officers the same device carried on the colours. It was the main feature to differentiate ranks:

  • colonel: gold with a coloured decoration (same colour as those used on the flags)
  • lieutenant-colonel: gold
  • major: gold
  • captain: silver bordered gold with the entire decoration in gold
  • lieutenant: silver with the entire decoration in gold
  • second-lieutenant: silver with golden cipher and rays
  • ensign: silver

Officer’s coat was similar to other rank’s but with a gold laced collar and lateral pockets closed by lapels en patte d’oie with 3 golden buttons each. Generally officers wore the coat with opened turnbacks. They also wore white cravates, green breeches and yellow gloves.

Officers carried a musket in action, the use of halberds and spontoons was abandoned.

Officers also carried a sword suspended to a red leather belt.

Officer’s cartridge box was edged in gold.

Officer’s saddlecloth and holsters were red with round posterior corner, edged with one or two gold stripes (the inner one broader), as rank distinction. EPI ciphers on the corner and holsters.

Staff officers wore a black and gold sash.

Officers wore black dragoon boots.

Musicians

Observation Corps Fifer Uniform in 1757 with black dragoon boots - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Observation Corps Drummer Uniform in 1757 with black dragoon boots - Source: Frédéric Aubert

Drummers wore the same uniform as the troopers with swallow nests on shoulders and braids on cuffs, pockets and collar.

Fifers wore the same uniform as the troopers with braids on cuffs, pockets and collar (no swallow nests on the shoulders).

The Drum Major had a gold edge on his tricorne, and gold braids on cuffs and collar.

Drums were made in copper, the regimental coat of arms engraved in the front, bordered in red and green, green and white cords.

Important notice: Even though our illustrations depict yellow laces, the colour of the braids on the uniforms of the musicians were chosen by the colonel. For instance, it could have been the distinctive colour of the regiment (shown on the ordonnance flag). They were often decorated with red “XXXX” in the middle.

N.B.: During summer campaigns, the green coat was not worn, being left with the baggage. Since the waistcoat was red, Russian line infantry musicians appeared to be entirely clad in red.