Ukrainian Landmilitia Organisation

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Introduction

Landmilitia were established to organize the former service people – outranked noblemen, streltsy etc. – who were not incorporated into the new military system, created by Peter the Great, but were still useful because of their military skills. They were settled as landmilitia garrisons on the frontier defence lines. The Ukrainian defence line extended from the Dniepr River to the Severskiy Donets River, covering the breach with no big rivers to defend the territory from the Crimean Tartars.

Since their initial establishment in 1723, Ukrainian landmilitia included both mounted and infantry regiments. Since the 1736 establishment, all regiments of Ukrainian Landmilitia were mounted. It seems that no changes have taken place between 1736 and 1756.

Maslovskiy gives the following establishment of Ukrainian Landmilitia horse regiment:

  • 40 officers
  • 968 NCOs and soldiers
  • 157 non-combatants.

This partially corresponds to the 1736 staff establishment for Ukrainian Landmilitia [1].

Composition and Organisation

Ukrainian Landmilitia Horse Regiment

A Ukrainian Landmilitia horse regiment [1] consisted of:

Senior Staff:

  • 1 colonel
  • 1 lieutenant-colonel
  • 1 premier-major

Junior Staff (4 officers, 11 musicians and 47 non-combatants) including

  • 1 quartermaster (lieutenant)
  • 1 adjutant (lieutenant)
  • 1 auditor (ensign)
  • 1 commissar (ensign)
  • 1 regimental clerk
  • 1 commissariat clerk
  • 2 clerics
  • 1 surgeon
  • 2 provosts
  • 10 blacksmiths
  • 5 fitters
  • 2 saddlers
  • 5 farriers
  • 18 batmen (6 for the colonel, 4 for the lieutenant-colonel, 3 for the premier-major, 1 for the quartermaster, 1 for the adjutant, 1 for the auditor, 1 for the commissar, 1 for the surgeon)
  • 11 musicians:
    • 1 regimental drummer
    • 2 trumpeters
    • 1 kettle-drummer
    • 7 oboists

10 landmilitia companies (3 officers, 8 NCOs, 88 soldiers, 2 musicians and 6 other non-combatants), each of:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 1 ensign
  • 1 wachtmeister
  • 1 quartermaster
  • 1 captain of arms (kaptenarmus)
  • 1 sub-ensign (color bearer)
  • 4 corporals
  • 88 soldiers
  • 2 drummers
  • 6 non-combatants
    • 1 clerk
    • 1 barber
    • 4 officers' batmen (2 for the rittmeister, 1 for the lieutenant, 1 for the ensign)

For a total of 1,135 men in a regiment: 37 officers, 80 NCOs, 880 soldiers, 138 non-combatants.

Notes
  • one captain was to be promoted to a second-major rank while still leading a company (and receiving a captain's salary).

References

[1] Complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire, vol.43, Part 1, pp. 218-219

[2} Viskovatov, A. V., Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army, vol. 2 and 3, Petersburg: 1900

[3] Maslovskiy, Dmitrij Fedorovich: Russkaia armija w siemieletnjuju wojnu

Acknowledgements

Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article