Vitzthum Cuirassiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Vitzthum Cuirassiers

Origin and History

To do: date of creation and regimental history before the SYW.
To do: brief presentation of the organisation of the regiment at the start of the SYW
and indication of any change in organisation during the SYW with date of change.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • in 1756: von Vitzthum

Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II proceeded to the invasion of Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the left wing under the Fürst von Anhalt, as part of von Ronnow's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender. The regiment was disbanded and its troops distributed among Prussian cuirassier regiments.

Uniform

Privates

Cuirassier in "kollet" in 1756 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Trooper of the Vitzthum Cuirassiers in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli and Dr Marco Pagan
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced gold with a white cockade fastened with a small yellow button; one blue bob in each lateral corne
Neckstock black
Coat white lined blue with 6 yellow buttons (arranged 1-2-3) down to the waist on each side; 3 yellow buttons under the waist on the right side
Collar blue
Shoulder strap none
Lapels none
Cuffs blue, each with 3 yellow buttons arranged vertically
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat buff leather kollet edged with a blue braid with a yellow stripe; no button (fastened with hooks and eyes)

a blue waistcoat was worn under the kollet

Breeches white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt n/a
Waistbelt natural leather with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black boots with white knee covers
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth ???
Housings ???
Blanket roll ???


Troopers were armed with ???.

Officers

Colonel of Vitzthum Cuirassiers - Copyright: Franco Saudelli


Musicians

 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the musicians

Colours

Leibstandarte: white damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping, centre device consisting of a gold shield of ornate design carrying the Royal Polish arms (white eagles and white knights on a red field) and on the centre the arms of Saxony beneath the electoral hat, surmounted by a crimson royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in gold (buttons color) and blue (distinctive color = French blue).

Ordinarstandarte: blue (French blue) damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher "AR" on a white pedestal surmounted by a royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in crimson red and gold (buttons color).

von Vitzthum Cuirassiers Leibstandarte - Source: Frédéric Aubert
von Vitzthum Cuirassiers Ordinarstandarte - Source: Frédéric Aubert

The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 3 other squadrons each carried one ordonnance standard.

References

Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate Supplement: Uniforms & Flags of the Seven Years War. Researched by M.Lange and A. Sharman. Compiled by R.D. Pengel. Artwork by G.R. Hurt. Birmingham, 1981.