Volontaires de Soubise

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Volontaires de Soubise

Origin and History

On February 20 1761, the Prince de Soubise, maréchal de France, received the authorisation to raise a corps of 948 men (1 grenadier coy of 40 men, 8 dragoon coys each of 71 men, and 8 fusilier coys of 40 men each) recruited in Germany and Bohemia. This corps was probably already organised when it entered the French service because it was involved in combat as soon as July 1761.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

In 1766, the unit was renamed “6e Légion de Soubise”.

Service during the War

no information found yet

Uniform

For the uniform we have found only one contemporary source: Raspe's publication of 1762.

Uniform of the Fusiliers

Privates

Uniform in 1762
Uniform Details as per
Raspe
Headgear black mirliton with a black wing edged white with a white tassel
Neckstock black
Coat white
Collar white
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels white with 7 yellow buttons
Pockets vertical pockets, each with 4 yellow buttons
Cuffs white without buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat royal blue with yellow buttons; horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Breeches royal blue
Gaiters black with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt whitened natural leather
Waistbelt whitened natural leather
Cartridge Pouch black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sabre (similar to the sabre of the grenadiers of the line infantry).

N.B.: Eugène Leliepvre depicts a chasseur in a very different uniform with a black tricorne laced white and a small pewter button on the left side; a red neck stock; a green short coat with a white epaulette on the left shoulder; a green collar edged white; white buttonholes (similar to those of the dragoon) with pewter buttons; white cuffs without button; white waistcoat with a single row of pewter buttons; green trousers; short black boots; cross belt and waistbelt in whitened natural leather.

Officers

no information found yet

NCOs

no information found yet

Musicians

no information found yet

Uniform of the Dragoons

Privates

Uniform in 1762
Uniform Details as per
Raspe
Headgear black mirliton with a black wing with a black tassel (black bearskin with blue cap in the style of the Grenadiers à Cheval as per Leliepvre)
Neckstock black (red as per Leliepvre)
Coat royal blue lined white with 10 white buttons and 10 white laced buttonholes on each side
Collar royal blue edged white
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets vertical pockets, each with 4 white buttons
Cuffs white without buttons (2 white buttonholes and 2 pewter buttons on each sleeve above the cuff as per Leliepvre)
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white with pewter buttons; horizontal pockets with pewter buttons
Breeches white (buff leather as per Leliepvre)
Boots black with white knee cover
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt whitened natural leather
Waistbelt whitened leather
Cartridge Pouch black
Scabbard black


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sabre (similar to the sabre of the grenadiers of the line infantry).

Officers

no information found yet

NCOs

no information found yet

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

Colonel flag: probably white with a white cross (the standard infantry colonel flag).

Ordonnance flag (as per Mouillard): white cross; 1st canton red; 2nd canton yellow; 3rd canton blue; 4th canton black (we do not know if this flag was in use during the Seven Years War or if it was issued later).

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

Ordonnance colour not yet available.

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, pp. 217, 243-244

Other sources

Bukhari, Emir; Napoleon's Line Chasseurs; Oxford: Oxprey Publishing, 1977

Chartrand, Rene; Louis XV's Army (4) Light Troops and Specialists; Oxford: Osprey, 1997

French Wikipedia:

Mouillard, Lucien; Les Régiments sous Louis XV; Paris 1882

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Raspe, Gabriel Nicolas, Recueil de toutes les troupes qui forment les armées françoises, Nuremberg 1762