Volontaires de Wurmser

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Volontaires de Wurmser

Origin and History

On January 11 1762, a decree was issued at Versailles for the creation of the Volontaires de Wurmser who counted 735 men, mostly raised in Alsace, and consisted of:

  • 1 grenadier company
    • 3 officers
    • 7 NCOs
    • 1 drummer
    • 44 grenadiers
  • 8 fusilier companies, each of
    • 3 officers
    • 7 NCOs
    • 1 drummer
    • 36 fusiliers
  • 8 dragoon companies, each of
    • 4 officers
    • 3 NCOs
    • 1 trumpeter
    • 31 dragoons

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since January 11 1762: Dagobert Sigmund, Comte de Wurmser assisted by Lieutenant-Colonel Chevalier du Petit-Thouars (wounded at Ziegenhein in 1762)

The unit was disbanded on March 1 1763. Some sources mention that it was then incorporated into the Volontaires de Soubise while others pretend that it went into the Austrian service.

Service during the War

On August 22 1762, the unit engaged Luckner's corps near Ruppertenrod and lost 200 soldiers and 5 officers taken prisoners as well as a cannon.

Uniform

Alfred de Marbot in his work “Costumes militaires français depuis 1439 jusqu'en 1789” illustrated a dragoon and a chasseur both wearing a hussar style uniform as depicted below.

Uniform Details in 1762 as per
Alfred de Marbot
Headgear dark green felt mirliton laced white; with a dark green flame edged white; decorated with a white plume
Pelisse dark green (the chasseur does not seem to wear a pelisse)
Fur trim black sheepskin along coat edges and cuffs
Lace white brandebourgs
Buttons 1 row of large pewter buttons between two rows of small pewter buttons
Dolman dark green with white brandebourgs and 1 row of large pewter buttons between two rows of small pewter buttons
Collar black edged white
Cuffs black pointed Hungarian cuffs edged white
Pockets edged white
Breeches black
Greatcoat dark green (the chasseur seems to wear a greatcoat over his dolman)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt not available
Waist-sash not available
Cartridge box not available
Scabbard black with pewter fittings
Boots black leather Hungarian boots edged white
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth white bordered dark green with a white fleurs de lys in each rear corner
Sabretache not available


Colours

As per Mouillard the ordonnance colours were as follows:

  • a white St. Andrew cross with yellow upper and lower cantons and black left and right cantons.
Ordonnance Flag - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Bukhari, Emir: Napoleon's Line Chasseurs; Oxford: Oxprey Publishing, 1977

Chartrand, Rene: Louis XV's Army (4) Light Troops and Specialists; Oxford: Osprey, 1997

French Wikipedia:

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin, 1903, Appendix 1

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV; Paris 1882

Napoleon Series Archive 2010 Wurmser Regiment Etranger, 1762]

Raspe, Gabriel Nicolas: Recueil de toutes les troupes qui forment les armées françoises, Nuremberg 1762

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques: Correspondance complète, Vol. 29.