Winchester (50)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Winchester (50)

Origin and History

The ship was built by Elias Bird at Rotherhithe and launched on May 3 1744.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in January 1759: captain Edward Le Gras

The ship was sold out of the navy on June 20 1769.

Service during the War

At the beginning of January 1759, the ship was among the fleet assembled at Carlisle Bay in Barbados under commodore John Moore for the planned expedition against the Martinique and Guadeloupe islands. On January 13, the whole British force sailed for Martinique Island. On January 15, the fleet lay off the bay of Fort Royal (actual Fort de France). On the morning of January 16, the ship was part of the squadron charged to silence the French coastal batteries and to cover the landing. On January 18, after an unsuccessful attempt of the land troops to capture Fort Royal, the British fleet proceeded to Saint-Pierre, the second town in Martinique. On January 19, after failing to silence the batteries around Saint-Pierre, commodore Moore decided to redirect his efforts against the island of Guadeloupe. On January 22, the British fleet reached Basse-Terre. On January 23, the British fleet bombarded the town which was almost entirely destroyed. On January 24, British troops landed and occupied the town. On February 6, the ship was part of captain Harman's squadron which was detached to attack Fort Louis on the Grande-Terre. On February 13, this squadron cannonaded Fort Louis for 6 hours before landing a large detachment of marines and Highlanders who stormed the fort. In mid March, Moore fell back to Prince Rupert's Bay in the Island of Dominica with his fleet, in order to cover Basse-Terre and the British Leeward Islands from the threat of the newly arrived French squadron. The island of Guadeloupe finally capitulated on May 1.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 50
Gundeck 22 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 22 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 4 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew not available
Length at gundeck 140 ft (42.7 m)
Width 40 ft (12.2 m)
Depth 17 ft 2 in (5.2 m)
Displacement 987 long tons (1003 tonnes)

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 4th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.