Zandre Infantry

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Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1671 and garrisoned at Luneberg.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhabers were:

  • since 1740: de Soubiron
  • from 1756: Zandre de Caraffa
  • from 1757: von Halberstadt
  • from 1761: von Linsingen

Service during the War

On July 26 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the detachment posted between Afferde and Diedersen. This detachment executed an outflanking movement against the French offensive at Hastenbeck and caused near panic among the French towards the conclusion of the battle.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was part of Wangenheim's Corps encamped at Dorsten. On May 31, this corps accompanied Ferdinand of Brunswick in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 18, Wangenheim's Corps passed the Rhine at Duisburg. On June 23, the regiment took part in the battle of Krefeld where it was deployed on the right wing in the brigade placed under the command of the Erbprinz (Hereditary Prince) of Brunswick.

In June 1759, the regiment was once more part of Wangenheim's Corps who had taken position at Dülmen in Westphalia to observe the movement of a French corps under the Marquis d'Armentières. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it was deployed in Wangenheim's Corps between Kutenhausen and the Weser, in the first line of the infantry centre. The regiment helped assault the village of Totenhausen on the right flank.

On February 15 1761, the regiment took part in the combat of Langensalza where it was deployed in General von Spörcken's Corps. On March 21, the regiment fought in the engagement of Grünberg. On July 16, the regiment took part in the battle of Vellinghausen where it was attached to the Reserve.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served in the Corps of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick operating in Westphalia. On August 30, the regiment took part in the combat of Nauheim where it was deployed in Lieutenant-general von Hardenberg's Column. On September 21, the regiment fought in the combat of Amöneburg where it was deployed in Zastrow's Corps occupying the ground immediately before the Brücker Mühle (Zastrow commanded in the absence of Lieutenant-general Hardenberg).

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a sprig of oak leaves, three yellow/red pom poms and a black cockade
Grenadier
Zandre Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Yellow front with white scrollwork crowned red field with springing horse and Order of the Garter. Small red flap with white grenade. Red sack, yellow base lined with white lace.
Neckstock black
Coat red with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels gold yellow with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs gold yellow (slashed in the British pattern) with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks straw fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat straw with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


N.B.: some sources indicate buff as the distinctive colour.

Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword (brass hilt), and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating gold yellow and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Flag: White field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Flag: Dark yellow field. Mars seated on a trophy of arms above flies the spirit, Fame, above which is a scroll with the inscription NULLI SINE MARTE TRIUMPHI. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill, The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. d. J. and Hans M. Brauer, Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian, The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Yahoo SYW Group Message No. 1481