Difference between revisions of "Zephyr (10)"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The slo...")
 
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The sloop of war was originally named HMS Martin. She was captured by the French Navy in 1756. She was re-captured by the Royal Navy in September 1757 and renamed Zephyr.
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The sloop of war was designed by Sir Thomas Slade, built at Rotherhithe and launched on March 20, 1756 as the [[Merlin (10)|HMS Merlin]]. She was captured by the French Navy in 1757. She was re-captured by the Royal Navy in September 1757 and renamed Zephyr.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the sloop of war was under the command of:
 
During the Seven Years' War, the sloop of war was under the command of:
*in 1759: commander William Greenwood
+
*in 1759: Commander William Greenwood
 +
*in 1762: Commander John Botterell
  
The sloop of war was captured by the enemy on August 23 1778.
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The sloop of war was captured by the enemy on August 23 1778 and burnt in 1780.
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In February 1759, the sloop of war sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the  [[1759 - British expedition against Quebec|expedition against Québec]]. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. From June 1 to 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of vice-admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. Québec finally surrendered on September 18 1759. At the end of October, vice-admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain.
+
In February 1759, the sloop of war sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the  [[1759 - British expedition against Quebec|expedition against Québec]]. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. From June 1 to 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of Vice-Admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. Québec finally surrendered on September 18. At the end of October, Vice-Admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain.
  
To do: more details on the campaign from 1760 to 1762
+
In January 1762, the sloop took part in the [[1762 - British expedition against Martinique|expedition against Martinique]].
 
==Characteristics==
 
==Characteristics==
  
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{| class="tblunin"
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Gundeck'''||''not available''
+
|'''Gun deck'''||10 x 6-pdrs<br>12 x ½-pdr swivel guns
|-
+
|'''Quarterdeck'''||''not available''
+
|-
+
|'''Forecastle'''||''not available''
+
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Crew'''||''not available''
+
|'''Crew'''||100
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Length at gundeck'''||''not available''
+
|'''Length'''||86 ft 6 in (26.23 m)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Width'''||''not available''
+
|'''Width'''||24 ft 5 in (7.33 m)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Depth'''||''not available''
+
|'''Depth'''||10 ft 10 in (3.05 m)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Displacement'''||''not available''
+
|'''Displacement'''||223 tons BM
 
|}
 
|}
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
Blasco, Manuel, ''Unrated 1714-1792'', [http://3decks.pbwiki.com/ 3 Decks Wiki]
 
Blasco, Manuel, ''Unrated 1714-1792'', [http://3decks.pbwiki.com/ 3 Decks Wiki]
 +
 +
Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, [https://threedecks.org/ 3 Decks]
  
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]

Latest revision as of 16:26, 15 April 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Zephyr (10)

Origin and History

The sloop of war was designed by Sir Thomas Slade, built at Rotherhithe and launched on March 20, 1756 as the HMS Merlin. She was captured by the French Navy in 1757. She was re-captured by the Royal Navy in September 1757 and renamed Zephyr.

During the Seven Years' War, the sloop of war was under the command of:

  • in 1759: Commander William Greenwood
  • in 1762: Commander John Botterell

The sloop of war was captured by the enemy on August 23 1778 and burnt in 1780.

Service during the War

In February 1759, the sloop of war sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the expedition against Québec. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. From June 1 to 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of Vice-Admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. Québec finally surrendered on September 18. At the end of October, Vice-Admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain.

In January 1762, the sloop took part in the expedition against Martinique.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 10
Gun deck 10 x 6-pdrs
12 x ½-pdr swivel guns
Crew 100
Length 86 ft 6 in (26.23 m)
Width 24 ft 5 in (7.33 m)
Depth 10 ft 10 in (3.05 m)
Displacement 223 tons BM

References

Blasco, Manuel, Unrated 1714-1792, 3 Decks Wiki

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, 3 Decks

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.