Zholtiy Hussars

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Origin and History

The regiment was officially established on December 11, 1760 from New Serbian settlers. However, some squadrons were already serving with the Russian field army in Europe under the name of “Zhóltiy” (yellow) squadrons, a name changed to Zhóltiy Hussarskiy (Yellow Hussars) when the regiment was officially established. In theory, it consisted of 10 companies in 5 squadrons for a total paper of 1,200 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from ???? to ????: Colonel Franz de Swacekov (aka Swachek)

Service during the War

On July 23 1759, 2 squadrons of the future regiment took part in the Battle of Paltzig where they were attached to Riazanov's Brigade deployed in the vanguard behind the Cossacks. A few weeks later, on August 12, they fought in the Battle of Kunersdorf where they were deployed in the vanguard behind the Cossacks as part of Riazanov's Light Cavalry Brigade.

At the opening of the campaign of 1761, the regiment was with Tottleben's Corps in Pomerania. It took part in several skirmishes with the Prussians, among which the skirmish near Koldemanz on October 10 where one of its squadrons under Captain Carpov and Lieutenant-Colonel Suviorov was sent against the Prussian reinforcements. On November 18 during a skirmish near Labuhn, one of its squadrons under Svacekov fought against the Finckenstein Dragoons.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757
Source: David at Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear yellow mirliton
Neck stock black
Pelisse yellow
Fur trim black
Lace black braids
Buttons brass
Dolman yellow with black braids and brass buttons
Collar yellow edged black
Cuffs yellow edged with a black chevron
Breeches yellow decorated with intricate black loops (white loops as per Funcken)
Cloak unknown colour
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black leather
Waist-sash black and yellow barrel sash
Scabbard black leather with iron fittings
Boots black Hungarian boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth black with yellow wolf tooth edging
Sabretache yellow, wearing a black “EP” monogram and bordered with a black lace


Troopers were armed with a short, curved sabre and two pistols (no carbine). Zweguintzov mentions that Russian hussars also carried a carbine.

Officers

Officers wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords and lace
  • yellow Hungarian boots
  • pelisse trimmed with grey fur

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords, knots and tassels on the mirliton
  • gold lace
  • a golden braid on the border of the collar
  • golden braids on the sleeve (2 for the vakhmistr, 1 for quartermaster)

Musicians

There was 1 kettle-drummer for the regiment and 1 trumpeter for each of the 10 companies. They wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • small wings on the shoulders
  • braids of an unknown colour

Trumpets and kettle drums were made of copper and decorated with black lace and cords.

Colours

Russian hussar regiments carried no standards during the Seven Years' War.

References

Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902

  • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
  • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Konstam A. & Younghusband B.: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, Osprey, London, 1996

Maslowskij, D.: Russkaia armija, vol. 3, p. 43

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

Zweguintzov: L'Armee Russe, 1973

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges; and from information supplied by Tomasz Karpiński.