Glossary

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Glossary of Greek Terms
Greek
Term
English
Term
French
Term
Definition
agoncontestépreuve 
akroterion
pl. akroteria
-acrotèrearchitectural element consisting of a pedestal and its supported decoration, it is located on a corner of the roof, or at the peak of a pediment
amazonomachy--a battle between Amazons and Greeks
anta--protuding extremity of a wall, usually thicker than the wall itself
-architravearchitravearchitectural element constituting the lower part of the entablature and consisting of a horizontal beam resting directly on the columns
arkhaiosancientancien 
arrhephoroi--young Athenian maidens selected among the nobility to assist the priestess of Athena Polias
cella--see naos, the term was also used to designate the entire inner building when it consisted of a naos and of another room
centauromachy--a battle between Centaurs and Lapiths
crepidomaplatformplateformethe set of platforms supporting a building, it includes the stereobate, the middle platform and the stylobate
-entablature-architectural element of a building resting on the columns, it consists of the architrave, the frieze and the cornice
entasisbulgerenflementa very slight bulging approximately at the center of a column, it corrects the illusion of concavity produced by parallel straight lines
ergasterionworkshopatelier 
escharagrillgrillea pit to receive sacrifices to the gods of the underworld
-friezefrisearchitectural element constituting the middle part of the entablature (between the architrave and the cornice) and consisting of an alternance of metopes and triglyphs (Doric order) or of a band of relief (Ionic order)
gigantomachy--a battle between Gods and Giants
guttae-gouttearchitectural element of the Doric order entablature, it usually consists of three cylinders placed under a regulae
heroonhero shrine-sanctuary dedicated to a hero
metoikos-métèquea foreigner residing in Attic and not recognised as an Athenian citizen
metopemetopemétopearchitectural element of the Doric order entablature, it consists of a panel alternating with triglyphs in the frieze, it could be painted, sculptured or plain
naiskos--diminutive of the Greek word naos, it designates a small temple or a shrine
naos--room of a temple where the cult statue of the god was located
opisthodomos--the porch at the rear of the naos, it served as a back entrance into the temple
-pedimentfrontonornamented triangular end on the roof above a portico (pronaos and opisthodomos) of a temple, also applies to decorated gables of a profane building
peristylonperistylepéristylethe group of columns around a building or surrounding the inner court of a building
pronaos-vestibulethe porch in the front of the naos, it served as the main entrance into the temple
propylongatewayentréemonumental entrance to a sacred enclosure
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