Kerameikos

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Description

The Kerameikos (ceramic) was the quarter of the potters. It was located to the northwest of the Agora all around the street leading to the Dipylon Gate.

Later Features

The Dipylon Fountain House just inside the Dipylon Gate, on the east side of the street, was built only at the beginning of the 4th century BC. However, it may have replaced an older fountain dating from the 5th century BC.

The Pompeion was erected in 400 BC inside the walls between the Dipylon Gate and the Sacred Gate to serve as the starting point of the Panathenaic pompe (procession) which ended on the Akropolis. It is highly probable that a similar building occupied the same location before. This would explain the particular arrangements of the two adjacent city gates. The Pompeion also served as a garrison place for the ephebes guarding the two main city gates.

The altar of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria, located midway along the street linking the Agora to the Acharnian Gate, was erected around 325 BC.

References

Camp, John M.; The Archaeology of Athens, Yale University Press, 2001, pp. 159, 263

Connolly, Peter and Hazel Dodge; The Ancient City - Life in Classical Athens & Rome, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998

Travlos, John, Pictorial dictionary of Ancient Athens, Books that matter, New York, 1971, p. 299-301, 304, 477, 573

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