Statue of Athena Promakhos
From Project Athinai
The epithet Promakhos meant "warrior in the front rank" or "champion". This 10 m high bronze statue was made by Pheidias around 463 BC. The project costed some 83 talents and lasted nine years.
Athena probably stood at rest. She wore a chiton and a long Doric peplos. She probably held her spear upright along with her shield with her left hand while holding a bowl in her right hand. Her shield was initially unadorned.
The point of Athena's spear and the crest of her Attic helmet were visible to sailors as far away as Cape Sounion.
The pedestal, measuring 5.465 m x 5.58 m, was made of Pentelic marble and dark Eleusinian marble. The pedestal was crowned with a big egg-and-dart moulding.
A four-horse bronze chariot, initially made (from a tenth of the booty) to commemorate the victory of the Athenians over Boiotia and Khalkis in 506 BC, had been destroyed by the Persians when they took the Akropolis in 480 BC. A new group similar to the original was erected in 450 BC to commemorate another victory of Athens over the Khalkidians. It was moved immediatly to the south of the statue of Athena Promakhos around 440 BC.
Around 400 BC, Athena's shield was engraved with a Centauromachy (a fight between the Lapiths and Centaurs) made by Mys and Parrhasios.
Brouskari, Maria; The Monuments of the Acropolis, Athens: Archaeological Receipts Fund, 2001
Hill, Ida Thallon; The Ancient City of Athens – Its Topography and Monuments, London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1953
Hurwit, Jeffrey M.; The Acropolis in the Age of Pericles, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004
Martin, Jacques; Les voyages d'Alix - Athènes, Casterman, 2001
- Include an illustration of the pedestal.
- Include an illustration of the Chariot Group.