Statue of Athena Promakhos

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Contents

Introduction

A statue of Athena quite similar to the Promakhos (by Da Espona Model) - Snapshot of the real time rendering of the prototype
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A statue of Athena quite similar to the Promakhos (by Da Espona Model) - Snapshot of the real time rendering of the prototype

The epithet Promakhos meant "warrior in the front rank" or "champion". This 10 m high bronze statue was made by Pheidias around 463 BC. The project costed some 83 talents and lasted nine years.

The Statue

Athena probably stood at rest. She wore a chiton and a long Doric peplos. She probably held her spear upright along with her shield with her left hand while holding a bowl in her right hand. Her shield was initially unadorned.

The point of Athena's spear and the crest of her Attic helmet were visible to sailors as far away as Cape Sounion.

The Pedestal

The pedestal, measuring 5.465 m x 5.58 m, was made of Pentelic marble and dark Eleusinian marble. The pedestal was crowned with a big egg-and-dart moulding.

Chariot Group

A four-horse bronze chariot, initially made (from a tenth of the booty) to commemorate the victory of the Athenians over Boiotia and Khalkis in 506 BC, had been destroyed by the Persians when they took the Akropolis in 480 BC. A new group similar to the original was erected in 450 BC to commemorate another victory of Athens over the Khalkidians. It was moved immediatly to the south of the statue of Athena Promakhos around 440 BC.

Later Features

Around 400 BC, Athena's shield was engraved with a Centauromachy (a fight between the Lapiths and Centaurs) made by Mys and Parrhasios.

References

Brouskari, Maria; The Monuments of the Acropolis, Athens: Archaeological Receipts Fund, 2001

Hill, Ida Thallon; The Ancient City of Athens – Its Topography and Monuments, London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1953

Hurwit, Jeffrey M.; The Acropolis in the Age of Pericles, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004

Martin, Jacques; Les voyages d'Alix - Athènes, Casterman, 2001

To Do

  • Include an illustration of the pedestal.
  • Include an illustration of the Chariot Group.
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