Origin and History
The regiment was initially raised in 1613 as the Västergötlands Storeregement, one of the nine grand regiments organised by Gustavus Adolphus. It incorporated various fänikors (smaller units of about 500 men) from Västergötlands (created in 1540), Dalsland, Skaraborg and Älvsborg.
In 1624, this grand regiment was organised into sub-units: three field regiments (Skaraborg, Älvsborg and Västgöta-Dals) and one cavalry regiment (Västergötlands).
In 1684, the grand regiment was finally broken down into three distinct and independent regiments, giving birth to the Älvsborgs Infantry regiment.
In the Great Northern War in the Homeland at the Norwegian border and in Göteborg from 1703 to 1709: each year 325 men from the Regiment commanded to the Fleet. In the Skane campaign of 1710 and the with Stenbock in Germany, 1712. Captured at Tönningen. Raised again, one battalion in the Norwegian campaign of 1716, the whole Regiment in the Norwegian campaign of 1718.
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment consisted of 1,200 privates in 2 battalions of 4 companies. Each company had 150 privates and 11 officers, NCOs and musicians.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- not yet available
Service during the War
Intitially in 1757, the regiment remained in Sweden.
In 1758, 6 companies of the regiment (about 1,000 men) were among the reinforcements sent to Pomerania. On September 15, these companies came to the rescue of a Swedish convoy which had been ambushed by a Prussian force in the forest between Boitzenburg and Lychen. It chased away the Prussian skirmishers with musket volleys. On November 18 1758, a detachment of the regiment was part of general von Lingen's force at the combat of Güstow.
On September 16 1759, during the campaign of Pomerania, the regiment took part in the assault and capture of the fortified town of Wollin, attacking the Amthaus. On October 1, the regiment followed Fersen's Corps when it left the Oder islands to join the main Swedish army in Pasewalk.
The regiment continued to serve in Pomerania until 1761.
|Coat||dark blue with 10 tin buttons down the front with yellow trimmed butonholes and 2 tin buttons at small of the back
|Gaiters||white stockings with brown leather strap at knee|
Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.
Schirmer as well as Pengel & Hurt mention: white breeches, yellow waistcoat, blue collar, blue cuffs, blue turnbacks, yellow lapels and white buttonholes
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:
- silver lace on the tricorne
- blue collar and cuffs on the coat
- brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)
- probably white waistcoat
- white breeches
- blue stockings
NCOs carried halberds but no cane.
Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:
- a gold lace on the tricorne
- no turnbacks on the coat
- a silver gorget
- brass buttons
- blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)
N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash
Horses were equipped with blue housing with a yellow border.
The uniform of the drummers was completely white.
The drum had a brass barrel decorated with a crowned gold lion carrying a blue shield and weaving a sword. Rims were blue edged yellow.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).
Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the outer corner of the first canton carried a crowned gold lion carrying a blue shield and weaving a sword.
N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.
Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): field made of black and yellow alternating stripes, starting with yellow at the top; centre device had a field consisting of seven diagonal stripes alternating blue and yellow from left to right, a yellow or gold crowned lion carrying a blue shield charged with 3 yellow crowns in its left hand and wielding a sword with his right hand; the whole surrounded by a green laurel wreath tied with a gold ribbon.
N.B.: Schirmer describes a totally different Kompanifana with a yellow field and 4 blue corner flames with a centre device consisting of a red circle with 4 horizontal white stripes; within the circle the golden lion described above.
The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.
Economic Expert: Westrogothia Grand Regiment (website)
Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
Swedish War Archives, Sketches of infantry uniforms
Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.