Origin and History
The regiment was raised on June 22 1685 as the "Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot" ans served in Scotland and Flanders.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was sent on the continent in 1702 as part of Marlborough's army. During this war, it took part in the battles of Blenheim, Ramillies, Malpaquet and Oudenarde.
The regiment also served briefly in the West Indies.
On July 1 1751, when a Royal warrant reorganised the British infantry, the regiment was designated as the "15th Regiment of Foot".
During the Seven Years's War, the regiment was under the command of:
- from May 22 1756 to September 21 1768: Lord Jeffrey Amherst
Service during the War
In September 1757, the regiment was stationed on the Isle of Wight and embarked on the fleet for the unsuccessful and wasteful raid on Rochefort.
Between May and July 1758, the regiment took part to the siege of Louisbourg. On June 8, when Amherst's army landed near Louisbourg, the regiment was part of the left brigade under Lawrence. Louisbourg surrendered on July 27.
In 1759, the regiment was part of the expedition against Québec. During this expedition, it belonged to brigadier-general Monckton's brigade. On June 27, the army landed on Isle-d'Orléans and were drawn up on the beach near the village of Saint-Laurent. On July 31, the battalion took part in the battle of Beauport where it was part of the second wave with the 78th Fraser's Highlanders. The assault failed and, towards 7:30 PM, the British retreated in good order. The 15th Foot rowed for Pointe Lévis. The grenadiers suffered heavy losses in this fight. On September 13, the regiment took part in the victorious battle of the Plains of Abraham near Québec. It was deployed on the left wing, protecting the left flank. Finally, on September 18, Québec surrendered. At the end of October, when vice-admiral Saunders left with his fleet for Great Britain, the regiment, whose ranks had been replenished to about 550 men by drafts from the 62nd Foot and 69th Foot, remained as garrison in Québec along with 9 other battalions. The mourning worn for the loss of General Wolfe at the Heights of Abraham was perpetuated in the black background to the silver rose of the collar dogs worn by the regiment for many years.
On April 28 1760, at the defeat of Sainte-Foy, the regiment was in Burton's brigade on the right wing.
In 1761, the regiment laid idle in North America for most of the year before being sent to the West Indies where it arrived in Carlisle Bay in Barbados on December 24.
In January and February 1762, the regiment took part in the siege of Fort Royal and in the conquest of Martinique Island. Then from March to August, it participated in the siege and capture of Havanna, suffering heavy losses from sickness during the following months.
|Coat||brick red lined yellow and laced white (white braid bordered with thin yellow braids dotted in blue) with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white buttonholes (same lace as above) under the lapel
|Waistcoat||brick red laced white (same lace as above)|
|Gaiters||white with black buttons|
brown, grey or black during campaigns (black after 1759)
Troopers were armed with with a "Brown Bess" muskets, a bayonet and a sword. They also carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.
Officers of the regiment wore the same uniforms as the private soldiers but with the following differences
- silver gorget around the neck
- a silver aiguilette on the rigt shoulder
- silver lace instead of normal lace
- a crimson sash
Officers wore the same headgear as the private soldiers under their command; however, officers of the grenadier company wore a more decorated mitre cap.
Officers generally carried a spontoon, however, in battle some carried muskets instead.
Drummers and fifers wore a reversed coat with swallows nest and lace in white.
The drum pattern were red hoops and white drum cords over a yellow drum. The drum barrel was decorated with the silver king's cypher surmounted by a crown and with the number of the regiment under the cypher.
King's Colour: Union with its centre decorated with a rose wreath around the regiment number "XV" in gold Roman numerals.
Regimental Colour: Yellow field with its centre decorated with a rose wreath around the regiment number "XV" in gold Roman numerals. The Union in the upper left corner
Aylor, Ron, British Regimental Drums and Colours
Fortescue, J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
George II, The Royal Clothing Warrant, 1751
May R. and G. A. Embleton, Wolfe's Army, Osprey Publishing, London, 1974
Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth
Ricketts, Campbell, Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire