17/22 Puttkamer Grenadiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> 17/22 Puttkamer Grenadiers

Origin and History

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, Frederick II converged the grenadier companies of his infantry into elite battalions. Thus the grenadiers from Manteuffel Infantry (2 coys) and Prinz Moritz Infantry (2 coys) were converged into the Grenadier Battalion 17/22 counting four companies.

From August till the end of 1760, this grenadier battalion was temporarily converged with VI. "Standing" Grenadier Battalion (G-VI/G-VIII).

During the winter of 1760 till 1762, this grenadier battalion was converged with Grenadier Battalion 24/34.

During the Seven Years' War, the battalion was commanded by:

  • since 1756: Major C. G. von Puttkamer
  • from March 1757: Major A. H. von Wrede (died on May 15 1757 from wounds received at the Battle of Prague on May 6)
  • from May 15 1757: Major A. B. von Kremzow
  • from March 21 1759: Lieutenant-colonel W. H. von der Tann
  • from March 2 1760: Major P. C. von Wobersnow (killed in action at the Battle of Landeshut on June 23 1760)
  • from June 1760: Captain Kari Siitmund von Rothenburg

Service during the War

At the end of August 26 1756, the battalion accompanied the Prussian army proceeding to the invasion of Saxony. On October 1, it took part in the Battle of Lobositz where it was attached to the brigade of Major-general Itzenplitz in Kleist's Division. On October 2, it was part of Bevern's force sent to lay hold of Tschischkowitz (present-day Cizkovice) on the road towards Budin.

IR22 Prinz Moritz Grenadiers at Leuthen in 1757 - Source: Carl Röchling, 1895

In April 1757, the battalion took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On May 6, it fought in the Battle of Prague where it was deployed in the first line in Prince Henri's Brigade. At the end of August, the battalion was part of the small Prussian army hastily assembled at Dresden by Frederick to head towards Thuringia and to offer battle to the Franco-Imperial Army invading Saxony. On November 5, at the Battle of Rossbach, the battalion was deployed in the first line of the infantry right wing under Lieutenant-general Ferdinand of Brunswick. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, the battalion was deployed in Prince Francis of Brunswick's Brigade in the first line of the infantry centre.

On August 10 1758, the battalion was part of the corps who accompanied Frederick II when he marched from Silesia to join Dohna to contain the Russian invasion of Brandenburg. On Tuesday August 22, this corps made a junction with Dohna at Manschnow. On August 25, the battalion fought at the Battle of Zorndorf where it formed part of the vanguard led by Lieutenant-general von Manteuffel. On September 2, when it became clear that the Russian army was slowly retiring towards Landsberg, Frederick assembled the corps that he had brought with him from Silesia and left for Saxony where his help was badly needed. On November 18, about 100 grenadiers from this battalion (or from Battalion 2/G-II) took part in the Combat of Güstow, successfully defending the village against superior Swedish forces.

On July 23 1759, the battalion was at the Battle of Paltzig but was initially posted at Züllichau to guard the field bakery. A few weeks later, on August 12, the battalion fought in the Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed in the second line of the right centre as part of Grabow's Brigade.

On June 23 1760, the battalion was annihilated at the Battle of Landeshut. It was then partly reconstituted (2 coys) during the winter of 1760 and converged with Grenadier Battalion 24/34.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

The grenadiers wore the uniform of their own regiments. For details about these uniforms, please refer to the articles related to regiments von Manteuffel and Prinz Moritz von Anhalt.

Mitre Caps

von Manteuffel: mitre with brass front plate; white headband with white braid (decorated with red dots) and decorated with brass ornaments; white backing with white braid Prinz Moritz von Anhalt: mitre with yellow metal front plate; red headband with white/blue braid and yellow metal ornaments; blue backing with white/blue braid; red within white pompon
IR17 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren
IR22 Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren

Colours

The converged grenadier battalions did not carry any colour.

References

Fiedler, Siegfried; Grenadiermuetzen der Armee Friedrichs des Grossen, Schild Verlag GmbH, Munich, 1981

Riehn, R.; Linear Tactics Part III - Grenadier Battalions 1756-1763, The Courier Volume 2 No. 6, May-June 1981

Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756 - 1763. Edited and published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg e.V., Magstadt: 1989, pp. 30-32

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.