Origin and History
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During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
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Service during the War
In 1756, at the beginning of the war, the regiment was stationed at Smolensk. In the autumn, it was transferred to the western border.
In 1757, the regiment took part in the campaign in East Prussia under General Count Apraxin. On August 30, at the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was probably part of the combined cavalry held in reserve.
In January 1758, the regiment took part in the Russian invasion of East Prussia. In July of the same year, it also took part in the invasion of Brandenburg. On August 25, the regiment fought at the Battle of Zorndorf where it was part of the first line of the cavalry left wing. On September 11, during the retreat of the Russian army, the regiment was part of Rumyantsev's Corps who made a junction with the main army at Landsberg and encamped on the left bank of the Wartha. About mid November, the regiment took its winter-quarters in Hohenstein (present-day Olsztynek) as part of Resanov's 2nd Division.
On July 23 1759, a few squadrons of the regiment took part in the Battle of Paltzig where they were part of Morbvinov's detachment marching to the Russian camp. A few weeks later, on August 12, the regiment fought in the Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed on the extreme left of the first line of the left wing as part of Gaugreben's Brigade.
To do: campaigns from 1760
During summer, Russian dragoons did not wear coats. These were left in the baggage. For this reason, we present two different plates.
N.B.: another interpretation states that, on active duty, the dragoons did not wear their cornflower blue coat.
There seems to have been important variations of the uniform in the field:
- “kollet” edged with a cornflower blue braid or undecorated
- “kollet” totally absent due to supply problems and replaced by the cornflower blue coat and/or the cornflower blue waistcoat
Troopers were armed with a short carbine, two pistols and a sabre. They also had a cornflower blue epancha (cape) for winter.
The representations of the "tails" of the "kollet" differ widely. Some authors show rather long tails others illustrate short tails. If the "kollet" was sometimes worn under the coat, its tails were probably shorter than those of the coat.
Corporals wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers.
Other NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:
- gold laced tricorne
- gold laced collar
- gold laced cuffs:
- 1 stripe for Unterfähnrich
- 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters
- 3 stripes for sergeant
Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:
- gold laced tricorne
- gilt buttons
- no turnbacks
- black and gold silken sash
- cornflower blue saddlecloth and housings laced gold carrying the imperial cipher
Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:
- swallow nests at the shoulders
The kettle-drum and the trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.
Dragoons still carried standards of the 1731 pattern, measuring 123 cm by 142 cm (some sources indicate a square 150 cm by 150 cm standards). The flagpole had a gilt finial.
Leib Standard: white field fringed in silver; centre device consisting of an Imperial Eagle bearing the regimental arms on a breastplate encircled by the necklace of the St. George's Order and the cross of St. Andrew, and surmounted by a red and gold crown; corner devices consisting of the crowned imperial cipher within a wreath all in silver.
Regimental Standards: green field fringed in silver; centre device consisting of a silver crown surmounting a silver shield bearing the regimental arms.
The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 4 other squadrons each carried one regimental standard.
Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen, Part 3: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902
- chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
- appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18
Konstam, Angus, and Bill Younghusband: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, vol. 2, Osprey Military, London, Reed International, 1996
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by the KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Viskovatov, A. V.: Historical Description of the Clothing and Arms of the Russian Army, vol. 3, Petersburg: 1900
Volker Ziegler, Brühl: Die Russische Kavallerie zur Zeit des Siebenjährigen Krieges (1756-1763)
Zweguintzov: L'Armee Russe, 1973
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.