Arnim Cuirassiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Arnim Cuirassiers

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1703 as a dragoon regiment.

From 1703 to 1717, during the Great Northern War (1700-21), the regiment campaigned in Poland.

In 1717, the regiment incorporated the Bayreuth Dragoons.

During the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment campaigned in Poland.

During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment campaigned in Bohemia, Moravia and Saxony.

In 1748, the regiment was amalgamated with the O'Byrn Cuirassiers and transformed into a cuirassier regiment..

According to the 1753 État, during peacetime each regiment counted 8 companies in 4 squadrons for a total of 514 men and 394 horses.

In 1756, after the surrender of the Saxon Army at Pirna, the entire regiment was distributed among the Prussian cavalry.

Since its creation, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:

  • from 1703: Major-General Georg Henning von Oertzen
  • from 1705: Major-general Ludwig Count von Dünewald
  • from 1711: Major-General Johann Adolf Prinz von Sachsen-Weissenfels
  • from 1717: Colonel Alexander von Unruh
  • from 1728: Colonel Julius August von Goldacker
  • from 1734: Colonel Georg Siegmund von Schlichting
  • from 1745: Major-General Karl Siegmund (Johann) von Arnim

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • until 1745: the successive Chefs of the regiment
  • from 1745: Colonel Friedrich von Berlepsch (promoted to major-general in 1753)
  • from 1763: Colonel Johann Ignatius von Rosler

Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II invaded Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the left wing under the Fürst von Anhalt, as part of von Vitzthum's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender. The regiment was then disbanded and its troops distributed among Prussian cuirassier regiments, mainly Gens d'Armes, Prinz von Preußen, Driesen, Markgraf Friedrich and Leib-Carabiniers.

The men who absconded from Prussian service served in the Saxon infantry regiments until 1761.They were later given horses and enlisted in the cavalry regiment attached to the corps commanded by Prince Xaver.

Uniform

Privates

Cuirassier in "kollet" in 1756 - Copyright Kronoskaf
Trooper of Arnim Cuirassiers in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli and Dr Marco Pagan
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced white with a white cockade fastened with a small white button; one crimson bob in each lateral corne
Neckstock black
Coat white lined crimson with 6 white buttons (arranged 1-2-3) down to the waist on each side; 3 white buttons under the waist on the right side
Collar crimson
Shoulder strap white edged crimson fastened with a white button (both sides)
Lapels none
Cuffs crimson without buttons
Turnbacks crimson
Waistcoat buff leather kollet edged with a crimson braid with a white central stripe; no button (fastened with hooks and eyes)

a crimson waistcoat was worn under the kollet

Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt n/a
Waistbelt natural leather with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black boots with white knee covers
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth ???
Housings ???
Blanket roll ???


Troopers were armed with ???.

Officers

 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the officers

Musicians

 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the musicians

Standards

Leibstandarte: white damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping, centre device consisting of a gold shield of ornate design carrying the Royal Polish arms (white eagles and white knights on a red field) and on the centre the arms of Saxony beneath the electoral hat, surmounted by a crimson royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in gold (buttons color) and crimson red (distinctive color).

Ordinarstandarte: crimson red damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher "AR" on a white pedestal surmounted by a royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in crimson red and gold (buttons color).

The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 3 other squadrons each carried one ordonnance standard.

References

Schuster/Francke: Geschichte der Sächsischen Armee, file I. Leipzig 1885.

Verlohren: Stammregister und Chronik der Kur-und Königlich Sächsischen Armee, Leipzig, 1910

Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate Supplement: Uniforms & Flags of the Seven Years War. Researched by M.Lange and A. Sharman. Compiled by R.D. Pengel. Artwork by G.R. Hurt. Birmingham, 1981.

Acknowledgements

Harald Skala for additional information on the origin and history of this regiment