Garfagnana Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Modenese Army >> Garfagnana Infantry

Origin and History

On the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1740, the duke Francesco III of Modena could field only his bodyguards (Guardia del Corpo) of 200 men and one infantry regiment: Palude Infantry. In 1740, Francesco III raised 4 additional infantry national regiments. In 1741, he raised a fifth national infantry regiment called Garfagnana.

In 1755, the Modenese Army was reorganised. Infantry regiment then consisted of 1 battalion of 4 companies, each of 120 men. The companies were respectively commanded by the colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major and captain. Each regiment also comprised a grenadier company of 52 men. Thus, a regiment amounted to 528 privates, 18 drummers and pipers, 36 corporals, 18 sergeants and 20 officers for a grand total of 620 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information found yet

The regiment was disbanded in 1769.

Service during the War

In April 1759, after the appointment of the Duke Francesco III as governor of Milan by Maria Theresa, there were some 2,700 Modenese soldiers sent to the to assume garrison duties. The regiment (620 men) was stationed at Pavia.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform of privates in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a black cockade
Grenadier black Austrian-style grenadier bearskin with a black bag laced with a blue and white braid; and a white tassel
Neckstock red
Coat white Austrian cut with white lining
Collar none
Shoulder Straps black edged white fastened with a white button (both shoulders)
Lapels black with 6 white buttons (3-2-1)
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 white buttons
Cuffs black with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks white with a black fastener
Waistcoat white with white buttons (also shown as black in some illustrations)
Breeches turquin blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white leather, worn over the left shoulder
Waistbelt white leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with a musket and a bayonet. In addition, grenadiers carried a sabre.

Officers

No information available.

NCOs

No information available.

Musicians

No information available.

Colours

Colonel colour: blue field bordered with an intricate white frame; centre device consisting of the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws); 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner.

Ordnance colours: turquin blue cross, each canton subdivided into black and yellow triangles.

References

Antonini, Eraldo and G.C. Boeri; Bandiere Militari Estensi del '700, in Bellica

Archivio Stato Modena; 1750 Stato delle Truppe di S.A. S.ma di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola

Ferri Personali, Fabrizio; L'Esercito Estense, in Araldica Nobili e Cavalieri

Menziani, Dr. Alberto; La Storia militare del Ducato di Modena - è tratto dal periodico illustrato di storia, arte, tradizioni e dialetti, in Il Ducato - Terre Estensi, Associazione Culturale “Terra e Identità”, Modena

Vinkhuijzen Collection of military uniforms, Italy – Modena, 1625-1765 New York Public Library

Acknowledgments

Luc Antonelli for gathering most of the information about this regiment